February, 2010--Under Construction

The Jewe Family of Somerset and Dorset

Surname variants as seen in records: Le Jewe, Geue, Iewe, Le Jew, Jeu

Elizabeth Jewe or Le Jewe (c1410 - 1473) married Sir John Hody, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (c1396 - 1441/2).

Elizabeth Jewe, one of Henry Sampson's 64 great-great-great-great-great-grandmothers (gr5-grandmother), was born about 1410, probably at Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset. She was the daughter of John Jewe and his wife Margery Woth?. Elizabeth had a sister, Joan, and three brothers, John, William, and Thomas. Elizabeth's parents and all her siblings died before she married, making her sole heiress to her father's estate, thus a very desirable bride. She married John Hody about 1430, bringing him the manor of Pillesdon, Dorset, and holdings in Chickerell, West Chickerell, Langton Herring and Winterborne Herringston. At the time Hody was a rising star in the legal world, and in 1440 while still in his mid forties he was named as Lord Chief Justice. He was probably knighted at the time of this surprisingly rapid elevation. Sir John died in December, 1441, and a few years later Elizabeth married (2) Robert Cappes and by him had a son James Cappes


Elizabeth's father was John Jewe of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset and Pillesdon, Dorset. John Jewe died between March 20, 1415, the date of his will, and October 18, 1416. From his will, his wife's given name was Margery, and he had three sons and two daughters: John, William, Thomas, Joan, and Elizabeth. The will also mentions his brother William Jewe. From Somerset Feet of Fines and other records, John held half of the manor of Pillesdon (today, Pilsdon), Dorset, plus several other property holdings in Chickerell, West Chickerell, Langton Herring, Winterborne Herringston, Putton, Berehall, Dorchester, all in Dorset; and East Whitfield, West Whitfield (today Whitefield, near Wiveliscombe), Hinton St. George, Chew, Burgh, Cote (today Coat), Le See in Somerset.




John?Roger? (Le Jeu) Jewe

John?Roger? (Le Jeu) Jewe, born about 1255; died after 1290, was probably of Somerset.
He married Joan ___.
Joan ___, born about 1265; died after 1290.

Child of John?Roger? Jewe and Joan is:
i.        William Jewe(LeJeu), born about 1285; died after 1337 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Fyfhyde, and Stowell, Somerset; married Agatha.

William Jewe(LeJeu)

William Jewe(LeJeu), born about 1285; died after 1337 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Fyfhyde, and Stowell, Somerset.
He married Agatha ___.
Agatha ___­­­­­­, born about 1290, possibly of Pilsdon, Dorset; died after 1337.

Child of William Jewe(LeJeu) and Agatha is:
i.        John Jewe, born about 1315; died after 1377 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; and Pillesdon, Dorset; married Alice Pillesdon before 1338.

John Jewe

John Jewe, born about 1315; died after 1377 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; and Pillesdon, Dorset.
He married Alice Pillesdon before 1338.
Alice Pillesdon, born about 1320 possibly in Pillesdon, Dorset.

Children of John Jewe and Alice Pillesdon are:
i.        John Jewe, born about 1365; died 1415-1416 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; Pilsdon, Dorset; married Margery Woth?.
ii.        William Jewe, born about 1340; died after 1414 , of Cotley, Colyton Hundred, Devonshire.
iii.        Alice Jewe, born before 1338.
iv.        Isabelle Jewe, born before 1338.
v.        Thomas Jewe, born 1353; possibly of Cotleigh, Colyton Hundred, Devon; married Juliana before 1373; born about 1350.

John Jewe

John Jewe, born about 1365; died 1415-1416 , of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; Pilsdon, Dorset.
He married Margery Woth?.
Margery Woth?, born about 1380, possibly of Pilsdon, Dorset; died after 1415.

Children of John Jewe and Margery Woth? are:
i.        Elizabeth Jewe, born about 1410 in Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; died August 3, 1473 in Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; of Pillesdon, Dorset; married (1) Sir John Hody, Lord Chief Justice about 1430; married (2) Robert Cappes before 1449.
ii.        John Jewe, born about 1400; died before 1430.
iii.        William Jewe, born before 1407 , of Devon; died before 1430.
iv.        Thomas Jewe, born about 1400; died before 1430.
v.        Joan Jewe, born about 1400; died before 1430.

Elizabeth Jewe

Elizabeth Jewe, born about 1410 in Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; died August 3, 1473 in Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somerset; of Pillesdon, Dorset.
She married Sir John Hody, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, about 1430.
Children of Sir Hody and Elizabeth Jewe are:

i.   Joan(Johanna) Hody, born about 1430 , of Stawell, Somerset; died before February 8, 1503/04; married Sir Nicholas Latimer before December 17, 1441.

ii.   Mary Hody, born 1430-1440 , of Pillesdon, Dorset; married Robert Bond 1453; born 1420-1430; of Hatch Beauchamp, Somerset; and Lutton, Isle of Purbeck, Devon.

iii.   John Hody, born about 1435; married Elizabeth Thornbury; born about 1445.

iv.   Margaret Hody, born about 1435; of Whitefield in Wiveliscombe, Somserset; married Thomas Bainham after December 17, 1441; born about 1420; of Deans, Gloucestershire.

v.   William Hody, born 1437 in Pillesden(Pilsdon), Dorset; died June 18, 1524 , of Pillesdon, Dorset; married (1) Eleanor Malet; born about 1445 , of Curry(Cory) Pool, Somerset; married (2) Ann; born about 1445.

vi.   Thomas Hody, born about 1439; died after December 17, 1441.

vii.   Alexander Hody, born about 1440; died after December 17, 1441.

viii.   Son Hody, born 1442.

Heraldry site says Jewe arms have elephants' head(s).

Yeo Web Site says arms are vert a griffon rampant ermine, over all a fesse gules, cites church window stained glass.


Somerset Record Society: Feet of Fines
Register of John Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury
Medieval Wills 1501-1530, Somerset Rec. Soc., Vol. 19
Calendar of Patent Rolls (online and library)
Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem
Catalogue of Ancient Deeds
Gen. Gleanings in England, Waters, 1901:
VCH Somerset
Lord Chief Justices of the King's Bench, 1268-1875
Deeds from A2A
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1632, Heritage Quest Database
 History of the Honour of Dunster, Som. Rec. Soc. Vol. 33:
Star Chamber Proceedings, H7 and H8, Som. Rec. Soc., Vol. 27:
Cal. Close Rolls
Somerset Pleas, Richard 1 - 41 Henry III, Somerset Rec. Soc., 1898
Cartulary of Muchelney and Athelney Abbeys, Som. Rec. Soc. Vol. 14
Fodiary of Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset Rec. Soc., Vol. 26
Catalogue of Feudal Aids
1564 Visitation of Devon, Colby 1881 Revision
Lieutenant Colonel J. L. Vivian, The Visitations of the County of Devon Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620, with Additions
Visitations of Somerset, 1531 and 1573, Weaver 1885
Som. Rec. Soc., Vol. 15, Particular Description of the County of Somerset, drawn by T. Gerard, 1633; pub. 1900
Patrick A. Payne Rootsweb Pages, P. A. Payne Web Pages,

Collinson's 1792 History of Somerset
Encycl. Heraldica, Berry, 2 vols, date >1828
VCH Somerset, Vol. VIII, online at
VCH Somerset, vol. 6, 1992
Hutchins 2:227+
Wiveliscombe Web pages
Yeo Family pages

Prince's Worthies of Devon (1810)

 Somerset Record Society Publications: Somerset Feet of Fines

6:90, 20H3 [1245-1246]--
196. At Schirburn in octave of St. Martin; Robert Burnel, claimant and Simon de Pilesdon who Roger de Wynesham called to warrant and who warranted; land in Bere. Simon ackn. right and quit claims to Robert.
= = =
6:113, 27H3 [1242-1243]--
54. At Ivelcastre in the octave of the Purification; between Simon de Pilesdon, claimant, and Adam son of Goldchyne, tenant; for land in Cruke. Simon quit claims to Adam.
= = =
6:278, 18E1[1289-1290]--
125. At the Gild Hall, London in 3 weeks of Easter; between John le Jeu and Joan his wife, querents; and William de Sclavyne of Cotes, deforciant; 4 acres and 2 virgates in Cotes, Mertok, and Lymbergh. William ackn. right to John and Joan, and they grant to him for life, with rent 1d at Easter. After William's decease, lands revert to John and Joan and heirs of Joan, to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the services belonging.
[so lands orig. were Joan's inheritance, a clue as to her parentage].
= = =
12:88, 15 E 2 (1321-1322)--
29. William Love and Alice his wife querents; Nicholas le Jeu deforciant; for a messuage, a mill, a virgate of land, 10 acres meadow, 10 acres pasture, in Kyngesbury Episcopi. William ackn. right of Nicholas as by his gift. For this Nicholas gr. same to William and Alice to hold to them and the heirs of their issue; and if they die without such issue then to remain to the right heirs of William.
= = =
12:88-89, 15E2 [1321-1322]--
30. At Westminster in the morrow of All Soules; betw. John le Jeu, senior, and John de la Borgh, querents, by William de Perret in the place of John le Jeu; and Nicholas le Jeu, deforciant; for a messuage, a carucate of land, and 8 acres of meadow in Kyngesbury Episcopi. John de la Borgh ackn. right of Nicholas as by his gift. For this Nicholas gr. the same to John le Jeu for life; and after the decease of John le Jeu to remain to John de la Borgh and heirs of his body begotten; and if John de la Borgh die without such heirs then to remain to William his brother and the heirs of his body; and if William die without such heirs then to right heirs of John de la Borgh.
= = =
12:89, 15E2 [1321-1322]-
32. Same time and place; betw. John le Jeu, senior and John de la Borgh, querents...and Nicholas le Jeu, deforciant; for a messuage, a carucate of land and 8 acres of meadow and pasture for 12 oxen, and 10 s. rent in Mertoke. John de la Borgh ackn. right of Nicholas as by his gift. For this Nicholas gr. the same to John le Jeu for life, afterwards to John de la Borgh and the heirs of his body; and if John de la Borgh die without such heirs then to his brother Walter and the heirs of his body; and if Walter die w/o such heirs then to right heirs of John de la Borgh.
= = =
12:156, 5E3 (1331-1332)--
10. month of St. Michael's day; betw. Margaret de Moeles, querent...and Richard de Brankescomb and John le Jeu, deforciants; for 7 messuages, 240 acres land, 15 acres of meadow, 23s. rent and a rent of a rose, in ___mpton, Durevyle, Hassokmore and Southpederton [Compton Durville, Hassockmore, and South Petherton, Somerset, the first and last just SW of Martock, Hassockmore not found]. Richard and John grant said tenement to Margaret for life, then to Robert son of William Weylond and Cecilia his wife and the heirs of Robert. For this Margaret gave Richard and John 100 marks of silver.
= = =
12:190, 11E3 [1337-1338]--
40. York, quinzaine of Easter; between William le Jeu and Agatha his wife, querents; and Thomas de Pillesdon, chaplain, and Henry de Ablyngton, vicar of church of Brodewyndesore, deforciants; messuage, 1 carucate land, 20 acres meadow, 40 acres pasture, 20 acres wood, and 60 shillings rent in Whytefeld and Fyfhyde. William ackn. right of Thomas as by his gift. Thomas and Henry grant William and Agatha for life; then to remain to John son of William and Alice daughter of John de Pillesdon and their issue; and if John and Alice die without issue, then to remain to the right heirs of William.
= = =
12:193, 11E3 (1337-1338)--
 48. York, quinzaine of Easter [15 days after Easter], then at Westminster in a month of Easter in 13 E3; between John de Pyllesdon, querent; and William le Jeu, deforciant; for a messuage, 6 bovates of land, 6 acres of meadow, 30s rent, and pasture for 12 cows in Mertoke and Cote which Mathew le Warre and Joan his wife held for their lives. William granted that said tenement and pasture his heritage after the death of Mathew and Joan, shall remain to said John for life, rendering per annum a rose at midsummer; and after the decease of John to remain to John, son of aforesaid William, and Alice, dau. of the said John, and their heirs their issue; and if they die w/o issue then to revert to William and his heirs. For this John de Pyllesdon gave William 100 marcs of silver.
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22:???, 13H4 (1411-1412)
49. John Jewe, William Hastinges, John Wyntreshull and John Asplion querents; James ___ esq. deforciant; for 2 parts of the manor of Wydecombe, a moiety of ___ Cherlton and Wachet, and the quarter part of the manor of Wyleton. James ackn. right of John Asplion to hold to him and his heirs and warranted; for this John gave him __ hundred marcs of silver.
= = =
22:???, 3H6 (1424-1425)--
concerns manor of Wydecombe; Ralph Durburgh ackn. right of John Hody and gr. that his 2 parts of said manor should remain to John Hody and his heirs after the decease of the current life tenants; for this John gave Ralph 200 marks of silver.
= = =
22:???, 6H6 (1427-1428)--
Thomas Carrewe chivaler, John Hody cleric, John Cole esq., Wm. Carent esq., Thomas Hody, Martin Jacob, Robert Squybbe, and John Hody, querents; Reginald Malyns esq. and Alice his wife, deforciants; for manor of Stawell and the advowson. Reg. and Alice ackn. right of John Hody to hold to him and his heirs; for this John agreed to a rent of L20 a year payable to Reg. and Alice, 1/2 at Easter and 1/2 at Michaelmas for their lives, with power to distrain. After decease of Reg. and Alice, payment shall cease.
= = =
22:???, 10 H6 (1431-1432)--
John Hody and Eliz. his wife, querents, Reginald Barantyn and Joan his wife and Drugo their son and Joan his wife deforciants, for manor of Stawell. Reg. and Drugo ackn. right of John and his heirs and quit claimed, besides they warranted against the abbot of Westminster and his successors; for this John gave them 300 marks of silver.
= = =
22:???, 26 H6 (1447-48)--
Walter Moreton and Wm. Parker, querents; Robert Cappes esq. and Eliz. his wife, deforciants, for manors of Estwhitefeld and Westwhitefeld, and 20 messuages, 2 carucates of land, 20 acres meadow and 40 acres pasture, in Mertok, Chywe, Kyngesbury Epi [Episcopi], Compton Pauncefot, and Chiltern Dommer [Chiltern Domer] (and land in Dorset and Devon.) Robert and Eliz. ackn. right of Walter; for this Walter gr. the same to them to hold for their lives and after their decease to remain to the heirs which John Hody knight of the body of Eliz. has begotten, and if there by no heir of the body of Eliz. by said John procreate then to remain to the right heirs of Elizabeth.
= = =
22:???, 8E4 (1468-69)--
John Wydeslade, son of John Wydeslade sr. and John Brokhampton, querents; Robert Cappys and Elizabeth his wife, deforciants; for manors of Est Whitefeld and West Whytefeld and for 4 messuages 5 acres meadow, 40 acres pasture in Fyfehed (and lands in Dorset and Devon), Robert and Elizabeth acknowledge right of John Wydeslade and quit claim for the heirs of Elizabeth; for this John grants same to Robert and Elizabeth to hold without impeachment of waste for their lives, and after their decease manors and lands to remain to James Cappys, son of said Robert and Elizabeth, and his children, and if he die without children then to remain to William Hody, son of Elizabeth, and his children; if he die without children to remain to right heir of Elizabeth.

Register of John Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury:
Wills Proved before the Archbishop--
p. 89--
Testamentum Iohannis Iewe (2) -- In Dei nomine Amen. Ego Iohannes Iewe die veneris in festo Sancti Cuthberti episcopi anno Domini millesimo cccc-mo xv-mo condo testamentum meum in hunc modum. In primis lego animam meam Deo et corpus meum sacre sepulture videlicit in cimiterio ecclesie de Wyflescombe. Item lego cathedrali ecclesie Saresburiensi iij s. iiij d. Item lego vicario de Whytchurche pro decimis oblitis vj s. viij d. Item lego vicario de Wyflescombe vj s. viij d. Item lego rectori de Pullesden' xx s. pro decimis oblitis. Item lego abbati de Forda et suis monachis xx s. Item lego abbathie de Canelile xx s. Item lego ecclesie de Borstok unum bovem et unam vaccam. Item lego fratribus de Dorchestre v s. Item lego fratribus de Bristol' ordinis Augustini v s. Item lego hospitali Sancte Trinitatis et gloriosi martiris Sancti Thome apud London' iij s. iiij d. Item lego unum trentale rectori de Hywhysse Chanflor'. Item lego unum trentale rectori de Cloteworthi. Item lego unum trentale vicario de Borstoke; item unum trentale rectori de Bedescombe; item unum trentale domino Willelmo Stefyn. Item lego Willelmo Iewe fratri meo unam togam penulatam cum bever. Item lego cuilibet pauperi in die sepulture mee j d. Item lego Iohanni filio meo unum ciphum vocatum grete maser qui quondam fuit ciphus patris mei ad terminum vite sue et post decessum suum remanebit suo heredi et sic de herede in heredem semper maneat. Item lego dicto Iohanni filio meo unam peciam argenti cum coopertorio. Item lego Willelmo filio meo unam peciam argenti cum coopertorio. Item lego Thome filio meo unam peciam argenti(1). Lego Iohanne filie mee unam peciam argenti. Item lego Elizabet filie mee unam peciam argenti. Item lego Willelmo Iewe omnes terras et tenementa mea in Greylyshey ad terminum vite sue, et post decessum suum remaneant foffatis meis ad maritandum filias meas, et post maritacionem earum remanebunt uxori mee ad terminum vite sue. Item lego dicto fratri meo unum ciphum cum coopertorio. Item lego rectori de Pullesden' unum pallium et unam togam furratam. Item lego Roberto Blaneford totum meremium meum in loco limitato sub fraxino ex opposito porte(2x) mee ex(3) parte australi ex tribus de melioribus, et unum baslarde; item Alicie Panter(4) redditum viginti solidorum ad terminum vite sue capiendum de foffatis meis. Item lego uxori mee duas togas furrats, unam cum calabyr et aliam cum grey, et omnes redditus meos abhinc usque festum Natalis Domini, videlicet de terminis Nativitatis Domini, Pasche, Nativitatis Sancti Iohannis Baptiste, Michaelis et Natalis Domini. Item lego Iohanni Lokezerd ij burgagia mea in Dorchestre ad terminum vite sue et unam togam blodiam furratam. Item lego Roberto Lokyas dimidium quartarium frumenti et dimididium quartarium ordii et unam togam furratam. Item lego Thomisie Coll' ij busellos frumenti et ij busellos ordii. Item lego Ioseph Wattecombe dimidium quartarium frumenti et ij busellos ordii. Item lego Margarete Tristram j busellum frumenti et j busellum ordii. Item lego Iohanni Grynehelle unum iuvencum etatis trium annorum; item Matilde Berdys unam iuvencam etatis trium annorum. Item lego Idonee servienti mee xiij s. iiij d., duas b(l)anketas et ij linthiamina; item Margerie servienti mee xl d.; item Alicie Tristram unam vaccam etatis quatuor annorum; item Iohanni at Horsemelle duas oves matrices cum suis agnis; item filie Iohannis Lukezerde quatuor oves matrices cum suis agnis; item filie Henrici Horshey iiij oves matrices cum suis agnis. Item lego residuum omnium bonorum meorum Margerie uxori mee. Item constituo et ordino executores meos Margeriam uxorem meam, Willelmum Iewe fratrem meum et Willelmum Thomas rectorem de Pullesden' ad disponendum pro anima mea. (20 March 1416)
Probacio eiusdem.--Probatum fuit presens testamentum coram Iohanne Morton' in legibus bacallario commissario (fo. 294 v.) domini in hac parte sufficienter legitime deputato et per ipsum insinuatum et approbatum administracioque omnium bonorum idem testamentum concernencium Margerie Iewe relicte eiusdem defuncti et Willelmo Thomas rectori ecclesie parochialis de Pullesden' executoribus in eodem testamento nominatis eandemque administracionem recipere volentibus in forma iuris commissa extitit et per eosdem admissa sicut in certificatorio per commissarium antedictum exinde transmisso plenius apparet (1x).
. . .
(2) Marginal note: Sar'. Printed in Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, vol. 7 (1841), p. 30.
(1) MS. has 'cum' expunged. the 'l'of 'lego' is written over 'c'.
(2x) MS. porti.
(3) Written over 'sub' expunged.
(4) MS. has 'xx-ti s. Item' expunged.
(1x) For acquittance of his executors, cf. infra, p. 94.
= = =
p. 94--
Dimissio executorum Iohannis Iewe ab officio. -- Memorandum quod executores Iohannis Iewe obtinuerunt dimissionem ab officio xxvij die mensis Octobris anno Domini (MS. 'Domino') supradicto in forma consueta. (27 Oct 1416).
= = =
p. 660, Notes on the Testators--
Jewe, John, son and heir of John Jewe (John le Jeu), who married Alice, daughter of John de Pillesdon (Alice brought the manor of Pilsdon into the Jewe family); brother of Elizabeth, who married chief justice Hody (q.v.); employed on a commission of 11 Nov. 1395 (CPR 1391-6, p. 658) with Roger le Walsch, co-holder of 1/4 knight's fee in Chicherell and West Chicherell from William Montagu, earl of Salisbury. (Collectanea Topographica, 6:29-31). will 20 Mar. 1415, probated but no date.


Somerset Record Society: Medieval Wills

1415. John Jewe. (294 Chichele.)
1415. I, John Jewe, make my testament as follows:--My body to holy burial, viz. in the churchyard of the church at Wyflescombe. To the cathedral ch. of Sarum 3s. 4d. To the vicar of Whytchurche [is a Whytchurch in Devon] for tithes forgotten 6s. 8d. To the vicar of Wyflescombe 6s. 8d. To the rector of Pullesden 20s. for tithes forgotten. To the Abbot of Ford and to his monks 20s. To the Abbey of Canelile (Canonleigh) 20s. To the church of Borstok (Burstock, Dorset) an ox and a cow. To the Friars of Dorchestre 5s. To the Friars of Bristol of the Augustinian order 5s. To the hospital of Blessed Trinity and the glorious martyr S. Thomas at London 3s. 4d. I bequeath one trental (each) to the Rector of Hywhysse Chanflor (Huish Champflower), the Rector of Cloteworthi (Clatworthy), the Vicar of Borstoke, the Rector of Bedescombe and Sir William Stefyn. To William Jewe my brother one gown furred with bever. To every poor person on the day of my burial 1d. To John my son one cup called "grete maser" which once was my father's cup, and after his death it shall remain from heir to heir for ever. To said John one silver piece with the cover. To William my son and Thomas my son, one silver piece with the cover. To Joan and Elisabeth my daughters a silver piece (each). To William Jewe all my lands and tenements in "Greylyshey" for the term of his life, then to my feoffees for the marriage of my daughters, and after they marry to my wife for the term of her life. To my said brother a cup with the cover. To the Rector of Pullesden a cloak (pallium) and a gown, furred. To Robert Blaneford all my timber in a certain place under an ash tree opposite my gate on the south side of the three best, and one "baslarde." To Alice Panter for the term of her life the rent of 20s. to be taken from my feoffees. To my wife two gowns furred, one with "calabyr" and the other with "grey", and all my rents from now until the feast of the Nativity of Our Lord, that is to say de terminis Nativitatis Dni, Pasche, Nativitatis St. Johannis Baptiste, Michis, et Nat Dni. To John Lokezerd my two burgages in Dorchester for the term of his life and one blue gown furred. To Robert Lokyas half a quarter of corn, half a quarter of barley and one gown furred. To Thomisia Cole two bushels of corn and two bushels of barley. To Joseph Wattecombe half a quarter of corn and two bushels of barley. To Margaret Tristram a bushel of corn and a bushel barley. To John Grynehelle a three year old steer. To Matilda Berdys a three year old heifer. To Idonea my servant 13s. 4d. two blankets (banketas), and 2 sheets. To Margery my servant 40d. To Alice Tristram a four-year old cow. To John at Horsemelle two ewes with their lambs. To the daughter of Henry Horshey four ewes with their lambs.
The residue to Margery my wife and I make her, my brother William Jewe and William Thomas rector of Pullesden, my executors.
Proved. No date.
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1444. William Balsham, the elder, of the nuns of Bokeland, tenement in Yevilchestre, which Thomas Seymor, "boucher", formerly held, to Alice, my wife, and likewise I give and bequeath my waste place (vacuam placeam) next the Shirehall, which John Jew now holds, to the said Alice...residue of goods to Alice. Pr. 16 Jan 1444.
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Medieval Wills 1383-1500, Somerset Rec. Soc., Vol. 16,
Ed. by the Rev. F. W. Weaver, MA, FSA, 1901:
1407. Thomas Woth...Monday next after the Feast of the Nativity of the B. V. Mary, I, Thomas Woth, bequeath, etc. and my body to be buried in the church of the Blessed Mary of Canyngton. cath. ch. of Sarum...things pertaining to the said altar to the chapel of St. Nicholas of Wothe (Worth, Sussex).
To every priest coming on the day of my burial to Canyngton, 6d. To every clerk being there 2d. 60s. for 3 trentals of St. Gregory. 12 marks 6s. 8d. (2000d.) for 2000 masses to be celebrated for my soul within a fortnight after the day of my burial.
4 marks by the year for 20 years to clothe six poor men in white linnen cloth, viz., in gowns, hoods, hose and shoes...and those and all other poor coming on the night and the day of my anniversary for the time abovesaid shall have in food and drink 6s. 8d.
...To Emeline, my mother, 40 marks to provide Thomas and Robert, my sons, in all things necessary for them till the age of 16.
To Elizabeth my dau. 100 marks to marry her.
To the prioress of Canyngton 40 marks to provide Eliz. my dau. if she shall happen to live to the age of 10...
To Ellen my sister, 20s.
To the nuns there serving God 20s.
To Sir John Herte, vicar of Canyngton, 6s. 8d.
To Sir John Crosse one trental.
To Sir John, priest of Bromfeld, one trental.
To Eliz. Morgan 40 marks with a bed...
To Alice, my sister, of Polslo, 20s.
To Katherine, my sister, 40s.
To Patrick Moune, 40s.
To the vicar of Netherbury 10s. for tithes forgotten.
To the vicar of Bradepole 6s. 8d. to celebrate for my soul.
To lady Elizabeth Beauchampe 12 ewes.
...To John Iewe, William Iewe, and Robert Woth the custody of the lands and marriage of Richard Byccombe and Robert Morgan, to fulfil my last will and to pay my debts.
To Richard Byccombe all my necessary utensils pertaining to my 'hospicium' of Bromfeld...
To Robert my brother...
To Emeline my mother...
If Emeline my mother die before Robert my brother, he shall be paid 10 marks from the lands and tenements of Putton, then the said Robert shall hold them till he shall be fully satisfied in respect of the said 10 marks.
Residue to executors to dispose for my soule, etc.
I appoint executors Johne Iewe, William Iewe, Robert Woth, my brother, Thomas, parson of the church of Pulesdon, John Warre, Thomas Crowe, Richard Otery, and John Orchard.
I bequeath to my executors the custody of the lands of John Waterman, son and heir of John Waterman.
To John Orchard the marriage of John Waterman.
Pr. 6 Nov. AD abovesaid. Admin. gr. to Richard Woth, esq., bro. of the said deceased.
Cal. Patent Rolls:
Appointment of ...John Jewe, arrest and bring before the king and council any persons found impugning the king's title in presenting Master Thos. Spert, late parson of Uffecolm, the chancellorship of cathedral church of Wells.
= = =
1388, 27 Oct. William Jewe of Cottelegh, for not appearing to answer William Taillour touching a trespass.
= = =
...complaint by John Northcote of Devon that Richard Speccote (sic), being lately Northcote, Devon, gr. same to Henry his son, in tail male...Henry died and they descended to William his son and heir, and from him to Walter his son and heir, and from Walter to said John, his son and heir, but after the death of Walter, because his said son John was abroad, one Thomas Jewe and Juliana his wife, claiming in right of the said Juliana as heir of said Walter and suggesting that he died without heir male, entered the premises and were thereof seised until expelled by Walter Giffard, still living, who granted the premises to John Cary. [Juliana's first husband Richard Wotton was stepson of John Northcote: his mother, Joan Moeles, m. (1) John Wotton, (2) Northcote]

= = =
1391--Commission to examine petition wherein Thomas Jewe and John Mouthe allege divers grievances suffered by them in Salop...
= = =
Commission to ...John Jewe, ... to take into the king's hands all the lands and tenements which Thomas, son of Thomas Fichet, knight, decd....held in Somerset.
= = =
Commission to William Hankeford, William Jewe, John Holewey, Thomas Derte and Richard Sachevyle to enquire into story of William Blaunchard of Rakenford, Devon and Joan his wife...Kirton, Devon...Baggeston and Reweasshe, Devon...
= = =
25 Feb 1410--
Commission of oyer and terminer to Robert Hill, Humphrey Stafford 'chivaler', William Stourton, John Wyke of Nyenhyde and John Jewe, on complaint by John Denebaud that Thomas Bolour and John his son and other evildoers at Chafcombe, Somerset, drove...oxen...across a ... field...assaulted John Northcryket...threatened John Chafcombe.
= = =
Commission to John Wadham, 'chivaler', Thomas Beauchamp, John Stourton, John Jewe, John Warre and John Sparowe to enquire into the report that certain evildoers went to the manor of Mersshwood and the hundreds of Whitchurche and Mersshwode, Dorset, in the king's hands by reason of the minority of Edmund son and heir of Roger, late earl of March, and committed divers trespasses in the parks and stews there.
= = =
1420--Commission to William Dyolet, clerk, and William Jewe, esq. to take ships in ports of Devon for carrying the victuals of the king's kinsman Hugh Courtenay, earl of Devon,...from towns of Dertemuth and Pymuuth to Suthampton.
= = =
1421--Commission to Thos. Brook, knt., Richard Boyton, Edmund Pyne, William Jere [sic], William Neweton and John Boef to enquire what lands Robert Urswyk 'chivaler', tenant in chief, held in Somerset and Dorset, what they are worth, when he died and who is his heir.
= = =
1446--27 Mar Westminster. Grant to the king's serjeant Thomas Mayne and Margaret his wife of 113s 1d yearly from Michaelmas last till the completion of a term of 7 years from Michaelmas, 22H6, for which term John Jewe has the keeping of the manor of Sevenhampton Denys, co. Somerset, by letters patent dated 6 Jul 21H6, from the farm or rent due by the said John for the said keeping; and grant to the same in survivorship of the manor after the completion of the said term at a rent of 4L. [Index refers to this as John Jewe, keeper of Seavington manor]
= = =
1448, p. 160--John Jewe granted keeping of the manor of Sevenhampton Denys, Somerset, for 7 years, by letters patent 6 Jul 21H6. [not brother of Elizabeth, or she would not have been heiress in 1430; poss. cousin?]
Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem:
p. 75--Elizabeth Widow of William de Montagu, Earl of Salisbury--
#233, Dorset, 5 Feb 1415--
Child Okeford, 1/2 fee held by Thos. Broke, kt., and 1/2 fee held by Robert Latymer, kt.
Chikerell and West Chickerell, 1/4 fee held by Roger le Walssh and John Jewe.
Langton Hering and Winterborne Herringstone, 1/4 fee held by John Jewe.
= = =
William Jowe (corr: Jewe) holds 1/4 part of a knight's fee in Craneford and Holewyll, which William Dawny formerly held. [William Dauny held in 1346, property part of honor of Toriton, and was formerly held by Wm. Dauney (father?). 1303 was held by William de Alneto, 1/4/ part).
= = =
Henry Burnell, esq., writ 11 Jan 6H7, inquisition 10 Apr 6H7 (1490-1491)--
Manors of Byre Burnell and Otehull, given to Thomas Beauchampe, esq., Christopher Colke, and John Orenge, now deceased, and William Carant, John Byconyll, John Fitzjames, John Hody, and John Crukerene, esqs., John More of Columton. William Collys, William Touker of Wyke, and Richard Jeue, who survive to the use of his will Surviving feoffees should suffer his wife Isabel to take the issue and profits of the manors for 20 years, to pay his debts, educate his 4 sons, and marry all his daughters. At the end of 20 years to give the premises to John his son and heir apparent, in tail, with remainder to Tristram Burnell in tail, remainder to Peter Burnell in tail, remainder to William Burnell in tail. He d. 9 Jan last, seised of other messuages and lands in fee: Somerset…messuages,…cottages, dovecot, garden, carucate and 160 acres land, etc. in Newton Sarmavyle; also prop. in Chylterne Dommer; in Kyngston beside Yevyll; in Est Coker; in Westmersshe.
Catalogue of Ancient Deeds:
2:B2738--Grant in frank almoin by William del Estre, to the house of Sewardesley, of land called "Lefsiesaker" in Esteneston [Gloucs?]. Witness Ivo de Pilesdone...13th C.
= = =
1:C272--Letter of attorney from Thomas Wooth to Robert Wooth his brother, and Richard Bircham, to deliver seisin to John Jewe, William Jew, William Thomas, parson of Pulesdon, and Wm. Tracy of land in Wooth Fraunces, Assh, Lymbury, Schowlewey, Brynsham, Filleford, Pedyngton, and Belhewisch, and in Charleton Camvyle. 7H4 [1405]. Dorset, Somerset.
Gen. Gleanings in England, Waters, 1901:
p. 351--
Will of Philobert Cogan of Chard, Somerset, gentleman, 10 Feb 1640, pr. 12 Apr 1641...I desire my good friends Mr. John Hody Gent. and my son in law Mr. Peter Holway to be my overseers of this my last will and testament. Evelyn, 40.
VCH Somerset, vol. 6, 1992--
Fiddington Manor--
In 1439 the reversion after Ralph's death was settled on John Hody, possibly in trust for John Carent (d. 1483), Joan Brooke's second husband. The manor appears to have been held by the Carent family in 1518 (Footnote 52) and in 1538 was settled on Sir William Carent who, with his younger son Leonard, sold it to James Downham in 1558. (Footnote 53).
 Lord Chief Justices of the King's Bench, 1268-1875--
...Sir John Ivyn (January 20, 1439 - April 13, 1440)
Sir John Hody (April 13, 1440 - January 25, 1442)
Sir John Fortescue (January 25, 1442 - May 13, 1461)...
E 328/25/viii--
Depositions of Thomas Homan, of Feckynham, Richard Jewe, of Schelve, Thomas Hervoth, of Beball, William Checkett, Roger Yate, of Hanbury, William Beante, of Hanbury, John Bolneacre, of Hanbury. No Date
= = =
Anderton family of Ince and Euxton--
FILE [no title] - ref. D/D An/Bundle 47/489 - date: N.D
[from Scope and Content] [For mention of Wolley see also D/D An/Bundle 23/43. Wm. Le Jew is mentioned as a party to D/D An/Bundle 23/31, 32, 34, 37. Petronella is mentioned as "Mother of Henry in D/D An/Bundle 23/31]
= = =
Petre family of Writtle and Ingatestone Hall, Essex--
Southleigh (excluding Wiscombe)
FILE [no title] - ref. 123M/TB412 - date: [15 October 1337]
[from Scope and Content] Witnesses, sir John de Ralegh, sir Gilbert de Umfravill, Roger le Jeu (or Jen), Walter de Sweyngthull, Richard Dommer, John Frannoeys, John de Bytelesgate (or Bytelosgate).
= = =
C 1/61/436
William Yoo, son of Alice, daughter of William, son of Thomas, son of John Jen; and William Seintjon, son of Jane, sister of the said Alice. v. John Widislade and John Mannyng, feoffees to the uses of the will of Robert, son of Robert Kirkam, esquire.: Manor of Ridmore: Devon.
= = =
DL 25/3539
Thomas son of Robert le Jewe of Wigan and Agnes daughter of William son of Stephen de Hesskethe: release of his right in land in the townships of Hesketh and Becconsall late of William Steynson his great grandfather, and of all actions: (Lancs)
17 Ric.II [1393-1394]
= = =
DL 25/3548
Appointment by Agnes late the wife of Robert le Jewe of Wigan of an attorney to deliver to Adam de Bekansowe seisin of the land, etc. which came to her after the death of William de Hesketh, her father, in the township of Hesketh: (Lancs)
17 Ric.II [1393-1394]
= = =
Blundell family of Little Crosby
Hindley - ref. DDBL 19
FILE [no title] - ref. DDBL 19/7 - date: (16 May. 1401)
[from Scope and Content] Quitclaim: William Jewe, chaplain, to Henry Blundell and William Chernok - properties late of Richard the Molyneux in Hyndeley...
= = =
C 146/272
Letters of attorney from Thomas Wooth to Robert Wooth, his brother, and Richard Bircham, to deliver seisin to John Jewe, William Jew, William Thomas, parson of Pulesdon, and William Tracy, of land in Wooth Fraunces, Assh, Lymbury, Schowlewey, Brynsham, Filleford, Podyngton, and Belhewisch, and in Charleton Camvyle: Dorset.
Tuesday, the feast of St. Matthew the Apostle, 7 Henry IV [1405-1406].
= = =
C 1/15/201
Edward St. John and Joan his wife, daughter of William Jewe. v. John Yeo and John Radmore, feoffees of the said William.: Manors of Cotleigh, Cheseweye, Spelecomb, Cullebeare, Cleave? (Clive), Hollowcombe (Holecombe) beside Crediton, Poltimore, and Northcote, and lands, &c.
= = =
C 1/23/5
William Yeo v. Thomas Dourysshe, John More, and Nicholas Pyne, feoffees.: Manor and advowson of Cotleigh, and tenements in Spelcombe, enfeoffed by John Jewe: (replication).: [Devon ?].
= = =
FILE [no title] - ref. 123M/TB496 - date: [1414]
Witnesses, John Wotton, William Jewe, Robert Veel, John Chestervylle, John Wrought, John Welweton the younger, John Northcote.
= = =
Hulton family, of Hulton Park, Baronets
WIGAN - ref. DDHU 39
FILE - Grant - ref. DDHU 39/3 [n.d.]
[from Scope and Content] William Jewe and William Brokesmowthen chaplains to William of Hulton -- properties in Ins and Wygan had from Roger of Hulton -- to R.H. for life, then to Adam of Hulton, then to Roger son of Adam. With. Sir William of Athirton, John Gerard, John of Hulton. Given at Wygan. 1 Dec. 5 Hen. V. (1417) Seal. (38)
= = =
Crosse family of Shaw Hill
FILE [no title] - ref. DDSH 1/126 - date: 1416/7
[from Scope and Content] Quitclaim from Katherine, late wife of Hugh del Cros, of Wygan, to Thomas de Birome and William Jewe, chaplain, their heirs and assigns, of all the messuages, lands, and tenements, which the said Thomas and William hold by the feoffment of Hugh, her late husband, in Leght [? Leigh].
= = =
C 44/25/13
Parties: Rex v Jewe Subject: Manor of Whitewill [today Whitwell Farm, just SW of Colyton] County: Devon
1 Hen VI [1422-1423]
= = =
E 199/9/11
Devon: Writs and inquisitions concerning: (1) date of death of Richard Gabriell, clerk; (2) William Jewe's messuages and land in Cadbury; (3) receiver of profits of Water of Exe from Lady Day, 29 Hen. VI; (4) holders of gold, silver and lead mines in Devon and Cornwall.
temp. Hen. VI [1422-1461]
= = =
Petre family of Writtle and Ingatestone Hall, Essex
FILE [no title] - ref. 123M/TB470 - date: [13 Aug. 1428]
Afterwards as the tranquillity of the countryside was disturbed as much by the obstructions as by the quarrels and debates, the said Joan and Thomas and William submit themselves in the arbitration of Nicholas, Abbot of Neweham, Richard Chedder, Edward Pyn on the part of Joan and Thomas, and William Wenard', William Jewe and John Laurence on the part of William Bonevyle...
= = =
Pleydell-Bouverie family of Wiltshire
Bouverie, Pleydell- family of Wiltshire
FILE [no title] - ref. 490/1480 - date: 1449
[from Scope and Content] Confirmation by Robert Hungerford, kt., of a gift (1439) by Philip Courtenay, kt., Maurice Berkley, kt., John Fortescue, kt., and Walter Rodeney, kt., (surviving), and Sir John Hody (deceased), to Walter Hungerford late father of Robert and to Eleanor countess of Arundell now widow of Walter, of their manors of Sutton and Codford with appurtenances in Heytesbury, Tytherington, Ansty and Horningsham; and confirmation to Eleanor of her right in property called Southcourt in Heytesbury.
= = =
FILE [no title] - ref. AR/1/941 - date: 1458, 6th Aug
[from Scope and Content] William Brounyng and John Sydenham senior, esquires, John Hethe, clerk, Walter Pauncefote, John Porter and John Jewe = (3)-(8)
[from Scope and Content] (1)-(2) to (3)-(8), manors, lands, etc., in Compton Dundeyn, Lopyn, Coker and Compton Durvile (Somerset), Mangerton, Knolle, Brokhampton, Farnham, Gussich and Milbourne Sancti Andree (Dorset), Southwyke (Wiltshire), and Tyderyngton (Gloucestershire) and in London; held by grant to (1)-(2) as follows: yearly rent of 100s in Tyderyngton by grant of James Earl of Wiltshire, William Bonevyle, knight, Alexander Hody and John Jewe; ...
= = =
C 1/1444/47
John JEWE, clerk, and Richard and William JEWE v. John HAWE.: Goods of William Gybbes and of Thomas Gybbes, his executor, both deceased, whereof complainants are administrators.
= = =
C 1/533/6
John Kyng of Billericay, servant of the Queen. v. John Tyrrell, gentleman, John Jen, and Peter Browne.: Forcible entry and seizure of goods, whilst proceedings are pending in Chancery between the parties concerning certain lands late of William Ponde, whose daughter Joan complainant married.
= = =
[showing Nethway remained Hody property until 1621]
date: 1621
[from Scope and Content] Manors of Pillesdon and Kington als. Kington Parva, co.Dorset; farm or tenement called Aysshe Bulleyne als. Ayshe in Martock; manors of Gothelney in Charlinch, Otterhampton, Newnham in Stogursey, all formerly of Hugh Hody of Gothelney, esq., brother of Rich. Hody; bargain and sale of 1620/1 by John Hody of Nethway, co.Devon, esq., Anne widow of Rich. Hody of Revolshay, co.Dorset, and her daughters and coheirs Bridget and Frances Hody
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1632, Heritage Quest Online Database:
Hody, John, of (Nethway), p. Brixham, Devon, Esq.
Will (102 Audley) pr. 10 May by brother Gilbert.
 History of the Honour of Dunster, Som. Rec. Soc. Vol. 33:
Dunsterre Baronia. Curia ibidem tenta die Lune proxima ante festum Sancti Thome apostoli anno regni Regis Henrici quarti post conquestum tercio.
…Johannes Bykcombe in misericordia quia non habet Thomam Woth qui etc. ad faciendum domine fidelitatem pro terris et tenementis suis in Bykcombe sicut etc. Et nihilominus distring'.
= = =
Perceptum est distringere Thomam Wooth ad faciendum domine fidelitatem pro terris et tenementis suis in Bykcombe.
= = =
Preceptum est distringere Thomam Wooth (etc. as at the previous court)
= = =
[Etc., same matter again in 1403.]
= = =
The following list appears to be founded upon the list of the fees of Sir John and Lady Mohun alread mentioned…numerous errors with regard to the tenants suggest their names were supplied by a stranger brought to Dunster by the new Lord, Sir Hugh Luttrell. Thomas Paulet, Philip Courtenay, and Thomas Wooth, who occur among them, died in 1407…
…Biccombe 1 feodum. Thomas Wooth tenet.
Star Chamber Proceedings, H7 and H8, Som. Rec. Soc., Vol. 27:
p. 264--
Cappis v. Cappis--
Complaint by Philippe Cappis, widow, late wife of James Cappys, esq., deceased (1).. Had 6 messuages and 500 acres of land in Est whitfilde and West Whitfilde (2), Somerset, for life use…
(1) Footnote--They unfortunately have not been identified. In the reign of E4, Robert Cappis had held the manor of Stowell als Stawel in right of his wife Elizabeth, widow of Sir John Hody. He presented to the church of Stowell in right of his wife between 1452 and 1469. Weaver, "Somerset Incumbents," p. 191; Collinson 2:379. It may be suggested that James Cappis whose widow Philippa was plaintiff in this suit, was his descendant.
(2) In Wiveliscombe.
= = =
p. 269--
[abt. 1550?]
…with swerdes bocklers & other wepons defensiue the said house of Jewez(3) did breke & entre & then & there of there malicyouse & uncracyouse mynde riotusly dyd rent & cutt yn pecez all the beddyng & weryng clothez of on Thomas Powell…
(3) The house called "Jewez" at Wiveliscombe must have taken its name from John Jewe, who lived at Wiveliscombe in 1415. "Genealogist" 1882, 6:31. The name is found again the 17th century, the will of John Hawley "of Jewes" being proved in 1541. Somerset Wills 6:71.
Cal. Close Rolls:
De denariis in Turri Lond' deponendis. Mandatum est Willelmo de Haverhull, thesaurario regis, quod xxx. libras et ix. solidos, quos Johannes 'le Jeu' ei lib(er)abit in parte solucionis debitorum que Magister Simon de Steylaund' regi debet recipiat et eas in Turrim Lond' deponi faciat. [c14 Nov] [John le Jeu sent with the money to pay debt for someone imprisoned in the Tower]
= = =
De bladis Magistri Symonis de Steyland' vendendis.
...mittimus ad vos Johannem le Gyu paternitatem vestram iterato rogantes quatinus blada et alia bona predicta per vos...[c13 Mar]
= = =
De denariis ponendis in Turri Lond.' Mandatum est thesaurario et camerariis quod pecuniam quam Radulfus de Gymell', Radulfus de Arraz, Ricardus Aurfaber, et Adam le Jofne receperunt per manum Johannis le Gyw de bonis Symonis? Normanni venditis, et quam cis liberabunt per preceptum regis, deponi faciant in Turri Lond'.
Et mandatum est predictis Radulfo, Radulfo, Ricardo, et Ade quod omnes denarios quos per manum Johannis le Gyw receperunt de bonis predicti Symonis apud Farendon', deferant Lond'...12 Apr
= = =
De denariis in Turri Lond' dependendis. Mandatum est Willelmo de Mareshall, thesaurario regis, quod xxx. libras et ix. solidos, quos Johannes 'le Jeu' et lib(er)abit in parte solucionis debityorum qu? Magister illium de Steylaund'? regi debet recipiat et eas in Turrim Lond' deponi faciat. [c14 Nov]
= = =
De ponenda per ballium. Johannes de la Cote, Nicholaus Lovel, Walterus le Jovene et Willelmus filius ejus, Ricardus le Noreys et Agnes uxor ejus,...capti et detenti in prisona regis de Bampton' pro morte Willelmi de la Grave et Johannis filii ejus et Henrici filii Alexandri unde appellati sunt, habent litteras regis viceomiti Oxon'... [Le Jovene appears to be a different name, found in Staffordshire and London]
= = =
De ponendo per ballium. Willelmus le Jovene de Weston', ... detenti in prisona regis Wintonie pro morte Willelmi de Hynewud'...
= = =
1315, 16 Apr--
Enrolment of release by John son of Ivo de Pilesdone to John de Westcote of his right in the manor of Badeligh and in the reversion of the same, which John de Westcote had by demise from Emma de Pilesdone, great-grandmother of the releasor, and of his right in the demesne, rent, and all services of the manor. Witnesses: Sir John de Foxle, knight; Sir John de Scures, knight; Sir Thomas de Coudray, knight; John de Bourne, clerk; Robert de Thorncombe; William de Batesford; William de Preslond; John de la Hale; John Elys of Mattingeligh; Nicholas de la Hale. Dated Westminster, 16 April, 8 E2.
John de Westcote acknowledges that he owes to John son of Ivo de Pilesdone £80; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in the county of Southampton.
Cancelled on payment.
= = =
1331, 31 [sic] April [duplicated entry]--
Ralph de Aubeney of Southpederton, William le Jeu, and William Hamond ackn. they owe to Henry Darcy of London, 'draper', 60L, to be levied in default of payment of their lands and chattels in co. Buckingham.
Cancelled on payment.
Somerset Pleas, Richard 1 - 41 Henry III, Somerset Rec. Soc., 1898:
27H3 [1242-1243]--
528. Robert de Staunton, Adam de Wudeton, Geoffrey de Warmwull and Alan de Furuneys, four ??? sent to Simon de Pillesdon, who is ill, etc., to hear, etc., say he has attorned in his place Geoffrey de Wells against John the parson of Cruk on a plea of land, against Adam Goldclive on a plea of land, and against Helewise de Maundevill on a plea of dower, etc.
= = =
27H3 [1242-1243]--
692. Adam son of Goldiva de Cruk gives 1/2 mark for a license to agree with Simon de Pillesdon on a plea of land.
= = =
568. ...Thomas de Pillesdon...
Cartulary of Muchelney and Athelney Abbeys, Som. Rec. Soc. Vol. 14:
p. 143--
Simon de Pillesdon, witness to grant by bishop of Athenlingenye (who d. 1227) to Herbert son of Hugh of Ashford.
Fodiary of Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset Rec. Soc., Vol. 26:
p. 48--
[Gives Pillesdons from H3, including Werreis, Eudo, Walter son of Eudo, Simon, John. 1234 Simon held the half fee. Walter 1267 is adult, son and heir of Eudo. Warren is under age, ward to the king with Richard Middleton guardian. ]
[Marginal note: Pillesdon'.]

Manerium de Pillesdon(2) (probatur per + b.) geldat in servicio domini regis pro iii. hidis ab antiquo. Et tenet(ur) (probatur per c.) de abbate Glastoniensi pro dimidio feodo militis immediate, sicul continetur in libro de Scaccario London' ab antiquo.

Item ( probatur per c.) facta inde inquisicione per Radulphum filium Stephani et Adam de Greyvill anno regni regis Henrici tercio, hoc idem invenitur. Item (probatur per c.), postea facta inquisicione Anno Domini Millesimo co.[to be temp H3 must be cc., not co.] xviio., [1217?] scilicet, tempore regis Ricardi, quando dominus Savaricus, Bathoniensis episcopus, occupavit abbaciam Glastoniensem, inventum est quod quidam Werreis de Pillesdon' (probatur per b. c. ) Tenuit dimidium feodum ibidem de domino abbate Glastoniensi. Item (probatur per c.), postea facta inquisicione anno regni regis Henrici xixo. [19H3, 1234], hoc est, anno domini Michaelis, abbatis, primo, inventum est quod Symon de Pillesdon' (probatur per c. d. e.) tenuit dimidium feodum ibidem de ecclesia Glastoniensi. Qui quidem Symon (probatur per c.) fecit inde homagium etc. domino Willelmo, abbati Glastoniensi, anno regni regis Henrici filii regis Johannis quinto. Et postea (probatur per c.) idem Symon fecit inde homagium etc. domino Roberto, abbati Glastoniensi, anno regni regis Henrici ixo [9H3, 1224].

[Hutchins describes above paragraph as "By an inquisition taken by Radulph Fitz Stephens, temp H3, during the usurpation of that abbey by Savaricus bishop of Bath [which was 1192-1206, but the Latin says it was during temp R1, so it would have been between 1192 and 1199], it was found that Warreis de pillesdon held half a fee of the Abbot; and by another inquisition 19H3 [1234] it was found that Simon de Pillesdon held it in like manner; who did homage to Abbot William 5H3, 1219, and afterwards to Abbot Robert 9H3, 1225. "]

Et sciendum est (probatur per c.) quod domini de Pillesdon' semper ab antiquo per manus suas proprias immediate fecerunt servicium regale abbati Glastoniensi, primo videlicit pro predicto dimidio feodo xx. s. domino Michaeli, abbati, nomine scutagii currentis pro exercitu regis in Vasconia anno regni regis Henrici filii regis Johannis xxvio., [26 H 3, or 1241-1242] hoc est, Anno Domini Millesimo cco. xlijo., [1242] et anno dicti domini Michaelis, abbatis, viiio. Item (probatur per c.) postea, scilicet, tempore Rogeri, abbatis, xx. s. in auxilium ad dominum E. filium domini regis primogenitum militem faciendum. Item (probatur per c.) postea tempore ejusdem Rogeri, abbatis, anno dicti domini regis xlio. [41 H 3, or 1256-1257] de scutagio eidem domino regi concesso pro exercitu in Wallia xx. s. etc. Quod quidem dimidium feodum (probatur per c.) quidam Eudo de Pillesdon' postea tenuit de abbate Glastoniensi immediate. [half fee which a certain Eudo de Pillesdon' then held directly of the abbot of Glastonbury.] [Marginal note: Johannes de Pillesdon' dimidium feodum.]
Qui postea (probatur per c.) diem suum clausit extremum in festo Aposotolorum Symonis et Jude Anno Domini Millesimo cco. lxviio. [1267] Quo defuncto (probatur per c.), quidam Warinus de Raghlegh', miles occupavit custodiam Walteri, filii et heredis predicti Eudonis, infra estatem existentis, et terre sue predicte, per surrepcionem injustam. Quo audito, Robertus de Pederton', tunc abbas Glastoniensi, tulit versus eundem Warinum breve domini regis de custodia coram [personal custody] dominis Ricardo de Middelton', Adam (sic) de Greyville, Roger de Messeden' et Thoma Tryvet, justiciariis domini regis itinerantibus apud Schyrebourn' in comitatu Dorst in crastino Assencionis Domini Anno Domini Millesimo cco. lxviiio [1267]. Coram quibus (probatur per c.), continuato inde placito de die in diem, tandem idem abbas per judicium super veredictum cujusdam inquisicionis inter eos inde capte apud Oxoniam in crastino Apostolorum Petri et Pauli tunc(1) proximo sequenti recuperavit versus predictum Warinum custodiam terre et heredis predicti, et dampna sua que taxata fuerunt per juratam predicte inquisicionis ad quinquaginta marcas etc. Qui quidem Walterus, filius et heres predicti Eudonis, postea fecit homagium etc. predicto Roberto, abbati, pro dimidio feodo predicto in aula sua Glastoniensi die Lune proxima . . . festum Sancti Bartholomei Apostoli tunc proximo sequentem in presencia quorundam justicariorum predictorum etc. Et postea Johannes de Pillesdon' tenuit predictum dimidium feodum de abbate Glastoniensi similiter immediate. Qui pro eisdem fecit homagium et fidelitatem domino G. Fromond, abbati Glastoniensi, in aula sua ibidem die Sancti Nicholai Confessoris anno regni regis E. filii regis E. xiio., [12th year of reign of Edward, son of Edward, or E3, so 1338-1339] prout in registro ipsius abbatis plenius continetur. Et postea (probatur per f.) idem Johannes alias fecit homagium et fidelitatem domino Johanni de Breynton', nuper abbati Glastoniensi, in camera sua ibidem die Mercurii in ebdomada Pasche Anno Domino Millesimo ccco. xxxixo. [1339][John de Breynton was abbot of Glastonbury 1334-1342] etc. (2)...
(1) Remanet acquietancia de eadem materia sub sigillo Roberti, abbatis Glastoniensis, in volta Sancte Katerine inter evidencias de Boclonde. (Note at foot of page.)
(2) Johannes Jew. Another hand: nunc Willelmus Hody, miles.

[concerns Warin de Ralegh illegally occupying Pillesdon after death of Eudo, when should have gone to Eudo's son and heir Walter.]
Feudal Aids:
Vol. 2, Dorset, Hundred of Pymperne, [year?]--
Haselbere [is a Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset, 7 miles south of Martock] -- Johannis Ive and Joan de Action, nomine custodie. [Pointed to by index, as John Jewe] [see 1317 record]
= = =
p. 366, Devon, Colyton Hundred, 1303--
Roger le Geu holds in Cottelegh 1/2 fee of Morton (de Mortonia).
= = =
p. 428, Devon, Colyton Hundred, 1346--
Of John le Jew for 1/2 knights fee in Cotteleye, held of the honor of Cardinan, which Roger le Jew formerly held
= = =
p. 176, Essex, Hundred of Huddelesford and Frosshwell, 1346--
And John le Ussher and John Geue hold residual of said third (dictie tercie) part of a fee in Parva Sampford and Berdefeld Magna, which John de L'isle, Richard fitzSimon, and Robert fitz Hugo formerly held.
= = =
1:214, Cornwall, Hundred of Trigg, 1346--
De domino duce ratione minoris etatis heredis John le Jue for 1/2 part (pro di. (dimidium) parvi)
fee in Treivescord, which John Tracy formerly held. [Is John a minor here?]
= = =
p. 428, same hundred, 1346--
Of John le Jew for 1/2 knights fee in Cotteleye, held of the honor of Cardinan, which Roger le Jew formerly held.
= = =
Vol 6 (additions), p. 599, 1401-2, Lancaster, Hundred of Stayncrosse--
Of the lord John Davey for x. part j.f. de feodo vocato Gilbert le Jue, nuper (recently) domini William Heron.
= = =
Vol. 6, p. 430, Dorset, 1412--
John Jewe has etc. in Pullesdon, West Chikerell and Dorchestre. Same John has etc. in Berehall (text says Devon but index for this entry says Berehall, Thorncombe, Dorset). Same John Jewe has etc. in Whitfield, Somerset, in Hynton St. George, Somerset, in Chewe, Burgh, Cote, and Le See in said county (comitatu predicto), total values 10 + 6 + 20 + 10 12 li.
= = =
Vol. 6, p. 506, Somerset, 1412--
John Jewe has the manor of Whytefield, ac certas terras etc. in La Burgh, Chewe, Mertok, Cote, and Pysemerssh, worth 25 li.
= = =
1428, p. 479, Colyton Hundred, 1428--
Inquisicio capta apud Honyton...prout inferius continetur, de quibus necesse fuerit inquirendum, per sacramentum Willelmi Jew, Henrici Whytyng, Johannis Knell, Wm. atte Hille...Wm. Hardyng...beknoll et John Strobrigge, quo dicunt super sacramentus suum quod...
= = =
1428, Colyton Hundred, Devon--
p. 488--
William Jowe (corr: Jewe) holds 1/2 knight's fee Mortanie in Cotteleye, which John le Joue (corr. Jewe) formerly held.
= = =
1428, Devon, Hundreds of Cliston and TAYNBRIGGE--
Willelmus Jowe (rectius Jewe) tenet quartam partem un. f. m. in CRANEFORD et HOLEWYLL, quas (sic) Willelmus Dawny quondam tenuit.
= = =
2:77, Dorset, Hundred of Uggescombe, 1428--
Of Joan ("heredibus" (sci l. Johannis) written over it) Jewe for 1/4 part of a knight's fee in Langedon, which the above John formerly held. [Roger Chaundes held 1346 and Philip Heryng before him.]
= = =
p. 488, same hundred, 1428--
William Jowe (corr: Jewe) holds 1/2 knight's fee Mortanie in Cotteleye, which John le Joue (corr. Jewe) formerly held.
= = =
Vol 4, Somerset, Horethorn Hundred, 1428--
p. 375--
Of John Hody for 1/2 knight's fee in Stawell which Edmund Maleyns formerly held.
1564 Vis. of Devon, Colby 1881 Revision:
p. 217--
John Yeo m. Alice, dau. and h. of William Jewe of Cotley. Son was William Yeo, m. Elizabeth, dau. of William Greenfield of Stowe. John Yeo's parents were Robert Yeo, and wife Joan, dau. and h. of William Pyne of Bradwell.
1564 Visitation of Devon, Colby 1881 Revision (poss. corrects some errors in an earlier
edition by Vivian]--
p. 140--
Arms. Argent, a fesse indented vert and sable.
Sir John Huddy, Knt., of Stowell, co. Som., m Eliz., d. & h. of John Jew, of Whitfield, co. Devon.
1. John Huddy, m. Eliz., d. of Thornburye.
            1.1 Andrew Huddy, m. Joan, eldest dau. of Hen. Burnell, of Poyntington, Som.
                    Ch: 1.1.1 William Huddy, m.  Margaret, dau.of Richard Yerde, of Bradely, Devon. (Ch: Richard; John; William).

            1.2 Margaret.
            1.3 Katherine.
2. William.
605. Lieutenant Colonel J. L. Vivian, The Visitations of the County of Devon Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620, with Additions
[Colby's 1881 version online at]
Visitations of Somerset, 1531 and 1573, Weaver 1885:
p. 36--
Huddy of Stowell, near Sherborne (Collinson 2:379, Hutchins 2:233)--
Arms: Fesse indented paly vert and sa. cotised of the 1st, in bord. engrailed of the 2nd, in chief a mullet sable.
Sir Thomas (John) m. Margaret, heir of J. Cole of Nitheway, in Brixham, Devon.
Alexander, o.s.p. of Gotheny in Charlinch
Sir John, d. 1441, m. Elizabeth h. Jo. Jewe(footnote: of Whitfield in Wiveliscombe, Phelps' Somerset 1:334) of Whitfield, Somerset
        Ch: John, m. Eliz. Thornbury, ... issue
         William, L.C.B.
         Margaret, m. Thos. Bainham of Deane, Gloucs.
= = =
p. 44--
Mary Lyte, (b. c1500) of Lyte's Cory, Somerset, m. R. Huddie of Stowell (nr. Templecombe).
= = =
p. 115--
Sir William Huddy, kt., Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 2nd son of Sir John (above), m. Ellinor, dau. of ____ Mallett of Cory Poole, Somerset.
William of Pillesdon (Dorset), m. Mary Kenne of Kenne ... (issue)
= = =
p. 15--
Joan Huddy, dau. Sir W. Huddy of Pyllesdaen, Dorset, m. Wm. Chudleigh ...(issue)
= = =
p. 84--
Lawrence Wadham m. Margaret, dau. William Huddy.
= = =
p. 88--
Sir Richard Warre m. (2) Jone, dau. Sir W. Huddy. Ch: Robert, Eleanor, John, Jone.
= = =
p. 109--
Gilbert of Whitcombe, in Corton Denham.
Arms: Argent a chevron engrailed betw. 3 roses gules.
Gilbert of ___.
1. John Gilbert (Gilbarde?)
2. Wm. Gilbert, Tresorer of the House, 10E3.
Children of (1):
Isabel, m. Adam Huddy.
Richard of Woolavington.
1564 Vis. of Devon, Colby 1881 Revision:
p. 217--
John Yeo m. Alice, dau. and h. of William Jewe of Cotley. Son was William Yeo, m. Elizabeth, dau. of William Greenfield of Stowe. John Yeo's parents were Robert Yeo, and wife Joan, dau. and h. of William Pyne of Bradwell.
Says John Jewe was of Whitfield, Devon, and Margaret Cole of Nethway, citing Vivian's Visitations of the County of Devon Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620, with Additions.
Somerset Record Society, Vol. 15, Particular Description of the County of Somerset, 1900, drawn by T. Gerard, 1633:
A small parish is the third place my digression brings us unto, whose ancient Lords seeing I have mentioned elsewhere, I will leave only lett you know that in succeeding ages Elizabeth daughter and heire of John Jew (an ill-favoured name you will confesse) by Coles heire of Nethway brought it unto her husband Sir John Hody sonne of Sir Alexander Hody an ancient family I assure you and of great accompt, especially after Sir William Hody second sone of Sir John was Lord Cheife Baron of the Exchequer. Theis Huddies for now they so are written, remaine unto this daie, and lived at this place until of late years it was aliened unto a brother of Sir John Duckham of Temple-combe the next place wee shall come to, after you have viewed over their Armes.
Huddy: Arg. a fesse party per fesse indented sab. and vert betw. 3 bareuletts sab. (No doubt a clerical error for 4 or 2 probably cotises.)
Huddy: The same within a border ingrailed sab.
Jew: Arg. a chveron betw. 3 blackmores' heads couped sab.
Cole: Arg. a bull passant sa. a border sab. bezantee.
[Note by later editor:] …The pedigree of Huddy in the Visitation of 1573 begins with Sir Thomas (John), husband of Margaret Cole of Nitheway, who was father of Sir John, husband of Elizabeth Jewe. If this family had parted with the manor before Gerard's day, they must have reserved the advowson, for Lucy Hody and John her son were patrons in 1709.
A interesting memorial is the Hody stone which is housed over the south windowsill of the chancel. This stone was found on the floor of the Church beneath the tower when the Church was restored about the year 1880. The letters are J.H. and they stand for John Hody, who was Chief Justice of England in the 15th century. It is on record that the will of the Chief Justice, Sir John Hody, directs that his body be buried in the church of Woolavington in Somerset near the body of Magister Johannes Hody, his uncle. There is a vault near the outer wall of the tower evidently extending underneath the floor of the Church at the west end. It is believed that this is the vault in which Magister Johannes Hody and his nephew the Chief Justice, were buried in the 15th century. Sir John Hody died in 1441 and by his will he made bequests to the Chantry Priests of Woolavington "for the love that he hadde to hyt, for ther he begane hys fyrst lernyng".
from VCH Somerset, vol. 6, 1992--
Fiddington Manor--
In 1439 the reversion after Ralph's death was settled on John Hody, possibly in trust for John Carent (d. 1483), Joan Brooke's second husband. The manor appears to have been held by the Carent family in 1518 (Footnote 52) and in 1538 was settled on Sir William Carent who, with his younger son Leonard, sold it to James Downham in 1558. (Footnote 53).
= = =
52S.R.S. xxii. 191. 195; W. Suff. R.O. 449/E3/15. 53/2. 17; J. Hutchins, Hist. Dors. iv. 112.
53P.R.O., CP 25(2)/52/372/29 Hen. VIII Hil.; Devon R.O. 48/13/1/5/1. [CP here is not Complete Peerage; perh. some Court Proceedings from the ending]
P. A. Payne Web Pages,

…s. of Thomas Hody, esquire (d.1442), of Kington Magna, Dorset; er. bro. of Alexander. m. by 1430, Elizabeth (d. 3 Aug. 1473), da. and h. of John Jewe (d.1415/16), of Whitfield in Wiveliscombe, Som. and Pilsdon,2 5s. inc. Sir William†, 3da. Kntd. bef. June 1440.
Commr. of inquiry, Som. May 1428 (concealed crown income), Devon, Som. June 1432 (q. piracy), West Country Aug. 1433 (crimes committed since 1413), Dorset, Devon, Som., Cornw. Feb. 1434 (q. escapes of prisoners), Hants, Wilts., Som., Dorset, Devon, Cornw. July 1434 (concealed crown income), Som. Feb. 1435 (breach of statutes relating to exports), Devon, Cornw. July 1435 (estates of John, earl of Arundel), Som. Jan. 1438 (insurrections and felonies), Bristol Nov. 1438 (charges against Thomas Stevens), Salop Feb. 1439 (death of Thomas Dyer of Ludlow); gaol delivery (q.), Ilchester May 1430, Dec. 1433, Aug. 1434, Sept. 1434, May 1435, Feb., Mar. 1438, May 1440, Old Sarum Dec. 1440; oyer and terminer, Som. June 1432, Salop, Worcs. Jan. 1439, Devon Sept. 1439, Northants. Oct. 1439, Cornw. July 1440, Devon Sept. 1440, Oxon., Berks. June 1441, London, Mdx., Essex, Kent, Surrey Oct. 1441; to raise a loan, Som., Dorset Mar. 1439.
J.p. Som. 2 Dec. 1430-d., Berks. 12 Feb. 1439-d., Salop 13 Feb. 1439-June 1440, Glos. 18 May 1439-Apr. 1440, Suss. 8 July 1440-d., Kent 24 July 1440-d., Surr. 16 Oct. 1440-d., Essex 17 Feb. 1441-d.
Escheator, Som. and Dorset 26 Nov. 1431-5 Nov. 1432.
Distributor of a tax allowance, Som. Dec. 1433, Jan. 1436, May 1437.
Recorder, Bristol c.1438-d.3
Justice of assize, western circuit 24 Jan. 1439, eastern circuit 10 June 1440.
C.j.KB [Chief Justice, Knight Banneret?] 13 Apr. 1440-d.
According to a possibly prejudiced account dating from the 1470s the chief justice's grandfather, Adam Hody, was a 'bondeman to my lorde of Awdely and heywarde of Wollavyngton' (Somerset), whose sons Thomas and John were born before his marriage to Isabel Gilbarde. If this was true then the success of both of Adam's sons in surmounting such overwhelming disadvantages was quite remarkable. John was educated at Oxford and rose to be precentor of Wells from 1410 to 1426 and thereafter chancellor of the diocese until his death in 1440, having in the meantime served as chancellor and executor to Bishop Polton of Worcester. Thomas (our John's father) entered the service of Sir Hugh Luttrell of Dunster, for whom he acted as receiver-general from 1406 to 1419; and, forging a place for himself among the landed gentry of Dorset and Somerset, he was appointed in 1418 as royal escheator of the joint bailiwick of the two counties. Such a rise, from servile status to occupation of the headship of the judiciary in just two generations, would be an outstanding achievement.4
Thomas Hody acquired the manor of Kington Magna (Dorset), but this never passed to John, for his father was still living at the time of his [John's] own death. Both he and his brother, Alexander (who was to sit in nine Parliaments between 1429 and 1455, for either Shaftesbury, Bridgwater or Somerset), entered the legal profession. It was early success as an apprentice-at-law which enabled John to purchase two parts of the manor of Wydecombe and the whole of the manor of Stowell (Somerset) in the 1420s, and those of Wootton Glanville and Long Critchell (Dorset) in 1435 and 1439, respectively. He also acquired property in Shaftesbury and a small estate not far away at Fonthill (Wiltshire), but his manors of Pilsdon, West Chickerell and Putton (Dorset), and East and West Whitefield (Somerset), together with property in Dorchester and a moiety of Bere Hall (Devon), all came to him through his marriage to III-1386-385 Elizabeth Jewe in about 1430. At the time of Elizabeth's father's death 15 years previously her three brothers and a sister were still living, but all four died before her marriage to Hody, thus leaving her as sole heir to the estate.5
Hody also took care to augment his lands and local influence by obtaining royal grants: in 1428 he was awarded a joint lease of lands lately belonging to Sir Thomas Pomeroy, during the minority of his heir; in 1431 he obtained an Exchequer lease of the manor of Whitewell in Colyton [today Whitwell Farm, just SW of Colyton, Devon], and part of the inheritance of the earl of Devon; in 1434 he shared with John Stourton of Preston Plucknett the marriage of a royal ward, Stourton's grandson John Hill; and in 1437 with a close friend, William Carent of Toomer, he took custody of the royal manor of Gillingham.6
It was, quite clearly, Hody's legal expertise which prompted the burgesses of Shaftesbury to seek his services in five Parliaments and the gentry of two shires to have him represent them in four more. His rapid rise suggests that he showed himself to be a competent commissioner and an able j.p. Yet his many tasks in the sphere of local government did not result in a half-hearted interest in the proceedings of the Parliaments which he attended as a Member of the Commons. On 2 Dec. 1435 he, William Tresham and John Vampage , the King's attorney-general, were each paid £6 13s.4d. for 'labouring' in the present Parliament 'circa diversa negocia et materias necessarias ipsius Regis ibidem expedienda pro commodo Regis', and a fortnight later Hody received an additional £3 as a reward for 'engrossing' various grants made by the Lords and Commons. Obviously, he had been deeply involved in the negotiations leading to the grant of taxes. In the next Parliament, when again knight of the shire for Somerset, he headed the deputation from the Commons to the King, which, on 19 Mar. 1437, announced the election of a second Speaker (William Burley) to replace (Sir) John Tyrell, who had been taken ill. Hody was probably by then already recorder of Bristol, and in July 1438 he assumed the dignity of a serjeant-at-law. As such he was subsequently engaged as counsel to the duchy of Lancaster. In July 1439 he and another serjeant, John Fortescue, were chosen to arbitrate in a dispute regarding the church of St. Dunstan in the West in Fleet Street. This and the many other occasions on which Hody was asked to settle points of law indicate the respect he enjoyed.7
As an eminent lawyer it was only natural that Hody should have frequently acted as a feoffee-to-uses, and his clients in this regard included such important people as Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, Elizabeth, Lady Botreaux, William, Lord Clinton, and John, earl of Arundel.8
The last, who died in 1435, Hody also served as executor, and after the third marriage of the earl's mother, Eleanor, countess of Arundel, he became trustee of the estates of her husband, Sir Walter (now Lord) Hungerford.9
Among the many country gentlemen for whom Hody acted in settlements of their estates were (Sir) Thomas Brooke of Holditch, Sir John Chideok, (Sir) John Stourton II and Ralph Bush, esquire.10
Sir John Latimer "of Duntish (Dorset) sought the hand of Hody's daughter Joan for his heir, Nicholas" . But perhaps his career was best furthered by his friendship with Sir Humphrey Stafford II of Hooke and the latter's half-brother John, bishop of Bath and Wells and chancellor of England from 1432 to 1450, a connexion which may well have been fostered by our MP's uncle, Master John Hody, who in 1424 and 1425 had been appointed by Bishop Stafford as his vicar-general during his absence from the see. From 1429 Hody was involved in numerous legal transactions on the Staffords' behalf: he was a feoffee of Sir Humphrey's estates, party to the arrangements made for the second marriage of his daughter, Alice, and assisted him in the foundation of St. Anne's chapel in the conventual church at Abbotsbury. Then, in 1437, he was retained as a councillor to the Staffords' kinsman, Humphrey, earl of Stafford, who paid him an annuity of £2 charged on his property at Wexcombe, Wiltshire.11
From 1438 Hody received a salary of £20 a year as a justice of assize, and for his services in the King's bench from Michaelmas 1439 to April 1440 he was awarded an additional £20. On 13 Apr., following the death of Sir John Juyn, he was appointed as chief justice, with a fee of £120 p.a., having on the previous day already received a grant of 40 marks a year charged on the petty custom of Bristol and of an annual tun of wine from the royal prisage there. He was probably knighted at the time of this surprisingly rapid elevation, but first notice of his promotion dates from June. Later in the year, on 18 Aug., he was ordered by Henry VI to present himself immediately at Sheen, where his advice was needed with regard to threatened riots and touching the legality of a postponement of an assize of novel disseisin brought against James, Lord Berkeley, by the heirs-general to the Berkeley estates, two of whom (Edmund Beaufort, earl of Dorset, and John, Lord Talbot) were then investing Harfleur but reported to be in danger of raising the siege on account of the assize. But this was no doubt only one of many occasions when his counsel was sought by the King and his ministers.12
On 3 Dec. 1441 as chief justice Hody was personally summoned to attend the Parliament which was to meet on the following 25 Jan. However, he fell ill and died before New Year's Day. By his will, made on
III-1386-386 17 Dec., he left £200 in gold to his widow, and among his bequests was much silver plate, including a charger bought from the executors of Elizabeth Lovell of Rampisham (widow of Robert Lovell), to whose number he had himself belonged. His wish was to be buried in the new chapel in Woolavington church built by his uncle, who had died in the previous year. The judge's executors were his wife, his father (who, however, himself died less than four months later), his brother Alexander and William Carent.13
Hody mentioned four sons in his will, of whom the eldest, John, was then only six or seven. It was his second son, William, who was to follow him in the legal profession and, since he become attorney-general on Henry VII's accession and served as chief baron of the Exchequer from 1486 to 1512, evidently with some considerable degree of success. The chief justice's widow, who was pregnant at the time of his death, later gave birth to a fifth son. Within seven years she married Robert Cappes, esquire (sheriff of Somerset and Dorset in 1444-5), and survived until 1473.14
1 CFR, xvi. 187.
2 J. Hutchins, Dorset, ii. 227-33; Coll. Top. et Gen. vii. 22-31. His mother is generally held to have been Margaret, da. and h. of John Cole of Nethway, Devon, a contention supported by his ownership of property in Nethway, as mentioned in his will. However, she cannot, on chronological grounds, have been a da. of John Cole IV.
3 Little Red Bk. Bristol ed. Bickley, ii. 161.
4 Som. and Dorset N. and Q, xviii.127-8; xxiv. 22-25; Collectanea (Som. Rec. Soc. lvii), 48; Honour of Dunster (ibid. xxxiii), 126, 166; Biog. Reg. Univ. Oxf. ed. Emden, ii. 941-2.
5 Som. Feet of Fines (Som. Rec. Soc. xxii), 63, 68, 69, 81; Feudal Aids, iv. 375; Dorset Feet of Fines, ii. 345, 355; Reg. Chichele, ii. 89-91; Shaftesbury Recs. ed. Mayo, 79.
6 CFR, xv. 248; xvi. 38, 226, 338.
7 E403/721, 2 and 16 Dec.; RP, iv. 502; Somerville, Duchy, i. 451; Harl. Ch. 44F 46; CCR, 1422-9, p. 410; 1435-41, pp. 47, 122, 281; Collectanea (Wilts. Rec. Soc. xii), 169; Order of Serjeants at Law (Selden Soc. supp. ser. v), 162.
8 HMC Hastings, i. 283; CPR, 1422-9, p. 462; 1429-36, p. 602; 1436-41, p. 23; CCR, 1429-35, p. 125; 1435-41, p. 80.
9 Reg. Chichele, ii. 542-3; CCR, 1447-54, pp. 147-8; CPR, 1436-41, pp. 152, 300.
10 CFR, xv. 170; Som. Feet of Fines, 78, 85, 191, 194-5; CCR, 1435-41, p. 397; CPR, 1429-36, pp. 112, 119; 1441-6, p. 34; Dorset Feet of Fines, ii. 317-19.
11 Dorset Feet of Fines, ii. 342, 361; CPR, 1422-9, p. 541; 1429-36, p. 63; 1436-41, pp. 255, 540; Som. Feet of Fines, 82-83; CCR, 1429-35, p. 223; Staffs. RO, D641/1/2/167 m. 8v.
12 E404/56/100, 136, 244-5; CPR, 1436-41, pp. 390, 443; CCR, 1435-41, p. 325.
13 CCR, 1441-7, p. 42; CFR, xvii. 210; Reg. Chichele, ii. 605-6; PCC 22 Luffenham.
14 Som. Feet of Fines, 200; C140/47/60.
Collinson's 1792 History of Somerset--
Is the next parish southward from Horsington, comprising a small straggling village, situated in a woody vale, and watered by a rivulet, which rises in Charleton-Horethorne, and runs through Milborne-Port into the Yeo near Sherborne. Another brook rising in a wood here passes through the parish of Abbot's-Combe. The lands are chiefly pasture. This place was anciently written Stanwelle, or the Stone Fount, and is thus recorded in Domesday-Book:

"Azeline de Percheval holds of the Bishop of Coutances STANWELLE. Turrmund held it in the time of King Edward, and gelded for three hides. The arable is four carucates. In demesne are two carucates, and two servants, and five villanes, and seven bordars, and two cottagers, with two ploughs. There are sixteen acres of meadow, and five acres of pasture, and six acres of coppice wood. It was worth forty shillings, now sixty shillings."

In the time of Edw. I. this manor was held by the family of Muscegros, of Chariton Musgrove, and consisted of two knight's fees. Hawise, the heir of Robert de Mufcegros, was married to Sir William Mortimer, knt. who had the manor of Stowel, and died seized thereof 25 Edw. I. Ric. II. Sir Edmund Molyns, knt. held the manor and the advowson of the church jointly with Isabel his wife, of Sir Matthew de Gournay, as of his manor of Curry-Mallet. Sir John Tiptot, knt, Lord-Powis, was seized of this manor 21. Hen. VI [1442]; and 13 Edw. IV. [1473] Elizabeth the widow of Robert Cappes held the same at her death of Margaret Countess of Richmond, leaving John the son of Sir John Hody, knt. her heir. Christopher Hody, esq; died seized of the manor and advowson 15 Jac. I. [1617] leaving John his son and heir.
Encyclopedia Heraldica, Berry, 2 vols, date >1828:
Vol. 2, Dict. of Arms--
Hody (Pilston, Dorset) - ar. a fesse indented, point in point, vert and sa. cottised counterchanged.
Hody (Dorset) ar. a fesse indented, point in point, vert and sa.
Hody, ar. a fesse indented point in point, vert and sa., cottised counterchanged, in chief a mullet pierced sable within a bordure engr...
Hodye or Hudny (Hamon, Dorset) - ar. a fesse, per fesse indented, vert and or, cottised of the 3rd.
= = =
Pillesden -- ar. on a bend sa. betw. 4 lions heads erased, gu. 3 estoiles or.
Pillesdon (Cheshire) - sable 3 mullets argent.
Woolavington, Somerset--
...For centuries the village was an agriculturally based community and, because of the relative isolation of the Poldens, something of a rural backwater. However it has played its part in national history over the years. A local boy from the village, John Hody, rose to become Lord Chief Justice of England in 1440.
VCH Somerset, Vol. VIII, online at
The Hody family originated as unfree tenants at Woolavington, and included Sir John Hody (d. 1441), chief justice of the king's bench. [fn 6]
from VCH Somerset, vol. 6, 1992--
Fiddington Manor--
In 1439 the reversion after Ralph's death was settled on John Hody, possibly in trust for John Carent (d. 1483), Joan Brooke's second husband. The manor appears to have been held by the Carent family in 1518 (Footnote 52) and in 1538 was settled on Sir William Carent who, with his younger son Leonard, sold it to James Downham in 1558. (Footnote 53).
Hutchins 2:227+:
a small parish at the extremity of the county near the borders of Devon, 2 miles SW of Burstock. The old Manor-house, a large building erected prob. in the time of the Hodys, now occupied as the farm-house, and a few cottages.
...15H2 [1168] Eudo de Pillesdon accounted at the Exchequer for 20s for an amerciament (de miserecordia). He paid 15s and owed 5s, which latter sum he discharged the following year and had his quietus. 25H2 [1178] Warreis de Pilledona owed the King 40s, that it might be tried whether the land of Burgestoke was a pledge of Warrin de Halla.
1 John [1199], Warrinus Rawleigh is said to have held half a fee here, late Simon Fitz Walter (f. de Pillesdon). 3 John, Warin de Relege, by Simon Fluri his attorney, granted by fine to Simon, son of Walter, half a knight's fee with the appurtenances in Pilesdon, to hold to the said Simon and his heirs, of the said Warin and his heirs, by the service of half a knight's fee; and for this the said Simon granted to the said Warin the whole of his lands of Crake, to hold of him and his heirs, to the said Warin and heirs, by the service of the fourth part of a knight's fee for all services.
In Michaelmas term 1 John [1199], Richard del Estre released to Peter de Bucwde the custody of the lands and heir of Warreis de Pilesdon. In Hilary term, 10 John [1209],, Henry de Catesclive and Felicia his wife demanded against the abbot of Ford four hides of land in Burgestoke and Catesclive, as the right of the said Felicia, whose father Stephen was seized thereof in fee temp H2. Thereupon the abbot pleaded that he and his monks held the same by grant from Warresius de Pillesdon, who gave it to them subject to the payment to Roger de Brusel and his heirs of 20s per annum,. and in proof thereof he produced the charter of the said Warresius, and the confirmation of the said Roger. 6H3 [1221] the sheriff of Dorset returns in his account that Simon de Pillesdon owed half a mark, to have mention made in his writ of grand assized temp R1. Simon de Pillesdon was living 3-22 H3. In an assize 28H3 [1243] it was found that one furlong of land in Morbath was the inheritance of Basilia, late wife of Warresius de Pillesdon, who died on his journey to Jerusalem, and that Eudo de Pillesdon was the son and heir of the said Warresius, and then under age. In the Testa de Neville Warres de Pillesdon accounted for half a fee in Morban, and Eudo de Pillesdon held lands in Windlesore of Thomas de Windeley.
This manor gelded, in servitio regis, for three hides, ab antiquo, and was held immediately of the abbot of Glaston, for half a knight's fee, as appears by Domesday Book of Glastonbury.
And by an inquisition taken by Radulph Fitz Stephens, temp H3, during the usurpation of that abbey by Savaricus bishop of Bath, it was found that Warreis de pillesdon held half a fee of the Abbot; and by another inquisition 19H3 [1234] it was found that Simon de Pillesdon held it in like manner; who did homage to Abbot William 5H3, 1219, and afterwards to Abbot Robert 9H3, 1225. The lords of Pillesdon, ab antiquo per manus suas proprios, immediately, did regal service to the Abbot, and paid 20s scutage for the King's army in Gascony, 26H3, 1242; and the same sum to the Abbot of Ford, on the aid for making the King's eldest son a knight; and the same sum to the said Abbot 41H3, 1257, for scutage of the army in Wales. Afterwards Eudo de Pillesdon held it in like manner, 1267. After his decease, Warinus de Reghlegh, knt., unjustly seized the custody of Walter, son and heir of Eudo, a minor; on which Abbot Pederton brought a write de custodia against Warinus, before the King's justices itinerant at Sherborne 1268. On the plea, the Abbot, by judgment on the verdict of the inquisition taken at Oxford the 29th day of June following, recovered against Warinus the custody of the land and heir, and damages taxed by the jurors of the inquisition at 50 marks. This Walter, son of Eudo, did homage to Abbot Pederton, at Galstonbury in presence of the justices. Afterwards John de Pillesdon held the same in like manner and did homage and fealty at Glastonbury 7E2, 1314, and also 1339. It does not appear from any other record, at least from the Sarum registers, that it ever belonged to this abbey; so that the Abbots were only lords paramount.
Sir William Dugdale says Savarus de Pylesdon gave the manor of Pilesdon to the preceptory of Temple Comb, Somerset, but this donation probably consisted only of some lands; for the manor always belonged to the Pillesdons, and other lay lords.
1316, 9E2, Ivo de Pillesdone is certified by the sheriff as lord of Pillesdone, in the hundred of Whytchurch. John de Pyllesdon presented to the rectory of this parish 1319. By a fine levied at Westminster in 15 days from Easter, 6E3 [1332] and afterwards in the octaves of the Holy Trinity of the same year, John de Pylesdon and Margery his wife, settled a messuage, two carucates of land, 20 acres of meadow, 40 acres of alder-bed, and 50s rent in Pylesdon, Stondelegh, and Whytchurch, Dorset, upon themselves for their lives, with remainder to their sons, John, Thomas, Nicholas, Robert, and Stephen, successively in tail, remainder to John the father in fee. 29E3 [1355] John de Pillesdon held here a fourth part of a knight's fee, formerly held byYvo de P illesdon, Henry Boteler, and John de la Yarde. John de Pillesdon, above-mentioned, had issue besides the sons named in the entail, a daughter Alice, who became the wife of John le Jew, and she or her issue appear to have ultimately inherited this estate.
The property of the le Jew's laid mostly in Somerset, and in Easter term, 11E3 [1337], William le Jeu settled a messuage and one carucate of land, 20a. of meadow, 40a. of pasture, 20a. of wood, and 60s rent in Whytefield and Fyfhyde, Somerset, on himself and Agatha his wife for their lives, remainder to John, son of the said William, and to Alice, daughter of John de Pillesdon, and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to the right heirs of William. By another fine levied at the same time, the reversion of a messuage, 6 bovates of land, etc. in Mertoke and Cote was settled by the same William le Jeu, upon John de Pyllesdon for life, remainder to John, son of the said William le Jeu, and to Alice, daughter of John de Pyllesdon, and the heirs of the bodies of the said John and Alice, with reversion to the right heirs of William. For this grant John de Pyllesdon gave to the said William 100 marks of silver. Margery de Pillesdon presented to the rectory of Pyllesdon in 1348. In the octaves of the Holy Trinity, 41E3 [1367], Robert Pygatz and Elizabeth his wife settled a moiety of the manor of Pillesdon and of the advowson of the chapel of the same manor upon themselves and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to William le Jew and Thomas his brother (sons of John Jew), and to John Haukechurch for their lives, remainder to the right heirs of the said Elizabeth. [Query, was Elizabeth Pygatz another daughter and coheir of John de Pillesdon?]
In Michaelmas term, 1R3 [1483], William Jew and Thomas Jewe granted and rendered a moiety of the manor and of the advowson of the chapel of Pyllesdon, except a moiety of one messuage, 30 acres of land, 2 acres of wood, and 5 acres of moor in the said moiety, to the said Robert Pygatz and Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, remainder to John Jewe in fee. [This conflicts with the previous grant in time, by perhaps 100 years. A date of 1R2, rather than 1R3, would mean 1377 and make the two entries compatible]
24 Jun 1378, Thomas Jew, clerk, was instituted to the rectory of Langton Herring, on the presentation of John Jewe. John Jewe, "lord of a moiety of the manor of Pillesdon," presented to the rectory of the latter parish in 1385, and John Jewe, "domicellus," presented 1405. 13H6 [1434], John Jewe held in Somerset the manor of Wytefield, and certain lands and rents in la Burghe, Chewe, Martock, Cote, and Pysemersh, which were then worth 25L. John Jewe, in his will dated Friday in the feast of St. Cuthbert the Bishop [20 March], 1415, and proved 18 Oct 1416, gave to the rector of Pillesdon 20s for tithes forgotten; names his sons John William and Thomas, and his daughter Joan and Elizabeth, and constitutes Margery his wife, William Jewe his brother, and William Thomas, rector of Pillesdon, his executors. This will is printed at length in the Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, 7:30.
Elizabeth daughter and ultimate heir of John Jewe became the wife of Sir John Hody, knt. Lord Chief Justice of England, and inherited this estate. Hutchins says, "Pillesdon passed to Jewe and Cole, who were patrons here from 1383 to 1432, about which time it came to the Hodys by the heiresses of these two families." No doubt the Coles had some interest here, for John Cole presented to the rectory 1424, and Margaret his relict presented 1432, but it is not clear what was the nature and extent of their ownership. According to the pedigree of Hody taken at the Heralds' Visitation of Dorset 1623, Margaret, daughter and heir of John Cole of Nitheway, Devon, was mother of Sir John Hody; but he could not have inherited this estate from her, for it appears from the inquisition mentioned hereafter, p. 231 [below], that the manor of Pillesdon was the property of his wife, and the Institution-book tells us that he presented to the rectory in 1438 "in right of Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of John Jewe deceased," and as the rectory seems to have been as usual appendant to the manor, it is most probable that both passed in the same course of devolution.
The family of Hody was originally of Devonshire. Two of its members filled the highest judicial situations in England, in the reigns of Kings Henry VI and VII, and another, in more modern times, the celebrated Humphry Hody, DD, Greek Professor and Archdeacon of Oxford, attained a distinguished rank in the annals of literature.
According to the Testa de Neville, Jordan de Hode held the third part of a knight's fee in Hode, and half a fee in Walleworth, Devon, of Reginal de Valle Torta. Richard Hody was King's Escheator in Devon 31E3 [1357] and died about 32E3, seised of Westraddon and Mershewode, manors in that county. Thomas Hody was his son and heir, then 15 years old.
Another Thomas Hody was King's Escheator for Dorset, 6H5 [1421], and in 7H5 he was lord of the manor of Kington Magna in the same county. [The Pedigree of Hody taken at the visitation of Somerset 1623, commences with the father of the Chief Justice, who is there called John Hody of Stowill, Somerset. This however is an error, as appears from will of Sir John Hody, hereafter mentioned, wherein the name of his father is shown to have been Thomas, and John Hody is proved to have been his uncle.] He was father of Sir Alexander and Sir John Hody, knts., the latter of whom was husband of Elizabeth Jewe. Thomas Hody had a brother named John. This was probably the same person who by the designation of John Hody, LLB, was appointed Precentor of Wells Cathedral 12 May 1410. His successor was appointed 10 Feb 1426. In the latter year he was Chancellor of the same church, to which office he was admitted 4 Sep 3H6 [1424]. His successor therein was admitted 20 Mar 1439. 22 Feb 1435 John Hody was collated to the Archdeaconry of Dorset.
Sir Alexander Hody was elected to represent the county of Somerset in Parliament, in the years 1441, 1448-1450, and 1454, and was one of the principal persons of the Lancastrian army at the battle of Wakefield, in which Richard Duke of York was slain. He was in consequence attainted of high t reason at the parliament held at Westminster 4 Nov 1461, 1kE4, together with Henry, Duke of Somerset, Thomas Courtenay late Earl of Devon, Henry late Earl of Northumberland, Thomas Lord Roos, John late Lord Neville, and 32 others...[for murdering the Duke of York]. The parliament vested the estates of all these attainted persons in the crown, though their sole crime was the adhering to a prince whom every individual of the parliament had long recognized, and whom that very king himself, who was now seated on the throne, had acknowledged and obeyed as his lawful sovereign. Sir Alexander was probably executed in consequence of his attainder, as he died the same year. By an inquisition taken at Yeovil, 26 Oct 1E4 [1461], he was found to have held at his death, in right of Margaret his wife who survived him, the manors of Westbourn, Everley, Wemedon, Tokeswell, etc., besides other lands and hereditaments in Somerset. It was likewise found that having been seised of the manor and advowson of Oterhampton, the manor of Newnam and Godelney, as well as of lands in Boure de la Mere, Wollavyngton, Stoke Courcey, and elsewhere in the same county, he had conveyed the same by deed dated 5 Jul 38H6 [1459] to certain feoffees upon trust after his decease to enfeoff Margaret his wife therefo for her life, remainder to William Hody senior in tail, remainder to William, brother of the said William, in tail, remainder to his own right heirs. By another inquisition taken at the same time it papears that he held the manors of Kington Magna and Kington Parva, etc., in Dorset, which he settle in the same way. He died 16 May 1461, when John, son of Sir John Hdoy, knt., brother of the said Sir Alexander, was his kinsman and heir, and of the age of 26 years and more, and consequently born 1435. His attainder was afterwards reversed, and all his estates were restored to his family 22E4 [1482]...
Sir John Hody, younger son of Thomas, was born, says Prince in his Worthies of Devon, at Nitheway, in the parish of Brixham in Devonshire. He was educated as a lawyer and is frequently mentioned in the year-books from 3H6 [1424]...5H6 [1426] he purchased the manor of Stowell, in the hundred of Horethorne, Somerset, of Reginald Malyns esq. and Alice his wife, subject to a rent of 20L per annum to be paid to the said Reginald and Alice for their lives; and 6H6 he was assessed for half a knight's fee there, which Edmund Maleynes formerly held. In Hilary term 10H6. Reginald Barantyn, and Johanna his wife, and Drugo, son of Reginal Barantyn, and Johanna his wife, who seem to have had some claim on this manor of Stowell, conveyed it in consideration of 300 marks of silver to the said John Hody and Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs of John. He was returned to parliament as repr. of the borough of Shaftesbury 9H5 and again in 1, 3, 6, and 15H6...1434, and again 1440 he was elected knight of the shire for Somerset...made chief justice 13 Apr 1440, 18H6, and held an annual allowance of 140 marks...his successor...was appointed 25 Jan 1441...
We have no positive evidence of the precise time of the death of Sir John Hody, but it probably took place at the close of 1441 or early 1442. His will is dated 17 Dec 1441, but probate date not mentioned. By this will he orders his body to be buried in the church of Wolavyngton, Somerset in the new chapel lately built there, in which the body of Mr. John Hody his uncle is interred. He gave 20s to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Wells, and 6s 8d to the fabrics of each of the churches of Stowell and Pyllesdon. He then orders his feoffees to settle his lands and tenements in the borough of Shaftesbury on Elizabeth his wife for her life, with remainder to his sons William, Thomas, and Alexander, and to the child with which his wife was then enceinte, provided it shall be a male, and to the heirs of the bodies of such children, remainder to his own right heirs. He likewise orders that the feoffees of all his lands, except his lands in Sytheway (qu. Nytheway) and elsewhere in Devon, and his lands in Fontell, Wilts, which were formerly Richard Diecombes, should dispose of the rents and profits thereof, for the maintenance of John Hody,his son and heir during his minority, and should afterwards convey the same lands to his said son and his heirs; but in case his said son should die under age, then the trustees were to convey the premises to such other of his sons as should first attain the age of 21. But if all his sons should die without having attained majority, then the trustees were to convey the same to his daughters and their heirs. the lands so excepted as aforesaid were to be settled on Elizabeth his wife for her life, with remainder to his son John in fee. He directs that the agreements made on the marriage of Johanna his daughter with Nicholas, son of John Latimer, esq., should be fulfilled. To his wife Elizabeth he gave L200 in gold, and one dozen of silver vessels called "a dozein garnisshed," half of which he had lately bought in London, and the other half was a legacy from his said uncle; also twelve other silver dishes, together with one charger, which he bought of the executors of Lady Lovell and Ramsham, and two basons of silver with lavers, in the centre of one of which was a rose, and of the other a shield of his arms. To Thomas Hody his father a silver-gilt cup, which he lately had of Robert Coker. To Alexander, the testator's brother, a silver-gilt covered cup "called a goblett," and to Margaret, wife of the said Alexander, a silver-gilt covered cup, which he lately had from Richard Leyot, clerk. To William Carent a silver cup parcel gilt. To Nicholas Latimer and to Johanna his wife, a piece of silver with a cover. To Richard Hygon and Elizabeth his wife a covered piece of silver. To John his (testator's) son that half dozen of silver vessels which he had as a legacy from his uncle aforesaid, and one silver bason with laver, engraved in the middle with his arms, and he directs that the said John should be under the guardianship of his executors. To his cousins Richard Skey, and Alice sister of the said Richard, 25 marks each. To John his chaplain 20s. After giving legacies to various other persons, he bequeaths the residue of his goos and chattels to his executors for the maintenance of his sons and of his unmarried daughters (John his eldest son being excepted), and he constitutes his said Wife Elizabeth, William Carent, Thomas Hody, and Alexander Hody his executors, who are to make disposition for the good of his soul in accordance with the trust he specially confides to them.
After the decease of Sir John Hody, Elizabeth his widow married Robert Cappes.[This Robert Cappes was sheriff of Somerset 1444. And by his will of 24 Aug 1475, directs his body to be buried in the chapel of St. Mary, in the church of Burstocke, Dorset. There is a pedigree of his family in the 1591 Visitation of Somerset.] It appears by inquisitions post mortem, one of which was taken at Bridport 30 Nov 13E4 [1473], the other at Yeovil 26 Oct preceding, that she was seised in fee of the manors of Pillesdon, Putton, and Chykerell, and of one messuage, 10 acres of meadow and 100 acres of pasture in Atram, Dorset, and one messuage in Dorchester. Also of the manor of Est Whitfield and West Whitfield, and divers messuages, lands, etc. in iFyfehed, Mertok, Chiew, Kingsbury Episcopi, Compton Pauncefote, and Chilterne Dummer, Somerset. Having obtained from John Hody her eldest son a release of all his right and interest in the aforesaid premises by a deed dated 22 Apr 8E4 [1468] she thereupon, by a fine levied in Michaelmas term in the same year, settled the manor of Pillesdon and the lands in Atram upon herself and Robert Cappes for their lives, remainder to William Hody her younger son, and the heirs of his body. By another fine levied at the same time, she settled the said manor and lands in Somerset on herself and Robert Cappes for their lives, with remainder to James Cappes their son and the heirs of his body, remainder to William Hody her son, and the heirs of his body, remainder to her own right heirs. The manor of Stowell, Somerset had previously been settled on her for her life, with remainder to John Hody, her son and heir, who by deed dated 1 May 34H6 [1455] had released it to the said Robert Cappes and Elizabeth for their lives. The manor of Pillesdon was held of the abbot of Glastonbury in right of his house and church, value per annum 10L. The manors of Putton and Chykerell were held of John Newborgh, value per annum 40s. The messuage at Dorchester was held of Robert Blake, value per annum 50s, and the said messuage, etc. in Atram were held of Henry Colt, value per annum 20s. Elizabeth Cappes died 3 Aug 13E4, 1473, when John, son of Sir John Hody, knt. was her son and heir, 28 years old and more.
Sir W. Pole says, "John Jewe purchased Beerehall, in the parish of Thorncoomb, Devon, from Thomas Norton, which was heire of Okeston. The said Jewe left Elizabeth his only daughter, first married to Sir John Hody and after unto Robert Cappis. This woman disinherited her eldest sonne, and conveyed her land, aprt unto Sir William Hody, Chief Baron, and part unto her issue by Cappis, betwixt whose issue there contynewed a long contencion. But it is now in the possession of a younger howse issued from Sir William Hody." This account, however, is inaccurate, for though it appears from the inquisitions above-mentioned that Elizabeth Cappes gave much of her land to her younger sons, she did so with the consent and concurrence of her heir. The latter succeeded to Stowell and Nitheway.
Sir William Hody, younger son of Sir John, was the same who presented the...petition to the King in Parliament for restoration of the estates of his uncle Sir Alexander. He was a native of Devon as well as his father, and is celebrated by Prince, in his Worthies of Devon...Attorney General 1485, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer 1486. An inquistion post mortem 2 Sep 16H8, 1524 found Sir William Hody, knt. long before his death was seised in fee of the manor of Kington Parva, one messuage and 10 acres of land in Stour Estover, a fardell of land in Stour Westover, a messuage and 20 acres of land in Gyllyngham, together with a certain rent issuing out of the manor of Kyngton Magna; three burgages in Lyme Regis, and certain land in Colway and his will of 6 Jun 1519 he directed trustees to convey the same to William Hody, esq., his son...He settled the manor of Pyllesdon, 100 acres of land, meadow and pasture called Atram, in the parish of Netherbury, one messuage and 18 acres of land at Stodley in Marshwood, 40 acres of land called Gravellshay in Whitchurch, on himself and Ann his wife, and the heirs male of their bodies, remainder to William Hody his son, in tail. He died 18 Jun 1521, and Thomasine, wife of Michael Lytelcote, 24[1?] years old and more, and Elizabeth, wife of Robert Strode, aged 22 and more, daughters of Reginald Hody, son of the said Sir William Hody, were his coheirs...1534 will of William Hody, son of Sir William Hody, states his father had given him by will implements for his own manor of Pillesdon; mentions manor of Beerehall, Devon, property in Cuthay and Marshwood Vale, Dorset, and Crokeherne, Somerset; bequeaths legacies to his sons Richard, John, and William; directs that his executors, Anne his wife, and John his son, shall have ward of Thomas Carewe, son and heir of John Carewe, late of Haccombe, Devon, for the use of Mary, his daughter (who was afterwards married to him); appoints his cousin John Wadham of Castreton overseer. Will proved 10 Feb 135. He d. 19 Nov 1535 [??] when William Hody, son and heir of Richard Hody, son and heir of the said William, deceased, was his heir, and was 11 years old 25 Mar 1536....
In Mr. Hody's house at Pillesdon were these arms in 1600:
Gules, on a chevron argent a lion rampant sable (Brooke) impaling Ermine, on a chief gules three stag'sheads caboshed or.
Argent, a chevron between three blackmoor's heads couped sable (Jewe); impaling Argent three bendlets gules.
Hody impaling Argent, on a chevron gules three talbots of the first.
Hody impaling Argent, a chevron ermine between three birds sable.
= = =
Patrons of the church of Pillesdon, with dates of vicar appointments,
John de Pyllesdon, 1319, 1325.
Margery de Pillesdon, 1348.
John Jewe, lord of the moiety of the manor, 1385, 1405.
John Cole, 1424, 1425, 1429.
Margaret, relict of John Cole, 1432.
John Hody, in right of Elizabeth his wife, 1438.
Robert Cappes, esq. in right of his wife, dau. and heir of John Jewe, 1454.
Robert Cappes and Elizabeth his wife, 1473.
William Hody, knt., 1489, 1508, 1516.
Wiveliscombe Web pages:
Notes on place names--
(Source for these notes: F. Hancock, Wifela's Combe; Bornicott and Pearce, The Wessex Press, 1911 )
The bridleway up from Greenway Cottage is known locally as Tytibye Lane. At its junction with Jew's Lane there is reputed to be the grave of a man called Tytibye, who had committed suicide. After his burial there was a stake driven through him, a custom that survived until the early 19th Century.
Jew's Lane takes its name from the Jew or Jewe family. They owned land in and, around Wiveliscombe in the 15th Century, and probably earlier, as the name is thought to be a corruption of the Norman D'Ewe. It also occurs in the latter part of the 13th Century as le Jeu.
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Roger Grenville, one of the feoffees was married to Margaret Whitfield, a co heiress, whose father Richard Whitfield held the manor of Efford which included Bykford Manor. His sister Joan was married to Sir John Arundell. . Sir John Arundell and Robert Yeo, Elizabeth`s father held jointly many properties in Devon, including the manor of Cotleigh. and lands in Holcombe Jewe, Northcott , Seaton, Plymouth and Poltimore. William Jewe`s two daughters, Alice and Joan were co heiresses. Alice married John Yeo, Robert`s grandfather and Joan married Edward St John.
Edward St John`s daughter Joan, (she was his heir), married Nicholas Arundell of Trerice...
Yeo Family pages:
Yeo Society Web Pages,

...PRINCE says: "There was a fair dwelling named Yeo in the parish of Alwington, in the north-west part of Devon, which gave its name to its inhabitants, which, as it is supposed, it took from a fair stream of water near by, in the old Saxon language called 'ey' or 'e'a,' and in the French 'eau,' and hence corruptly 'yeau,' and at last Yeo. Thomas at Yeo was the last dweller of that name in this place, whose daughter and heir, Joan, became the wife of Jeffery Giffard, whose dwelling was there, and his posterity after him. It was a handsome structure for those ancient times unto which a chapel belonged wherein was a dormitory for the dead. After several descents in the name of Giffard, the estate came to Thomasine, the only daughter and heir of John Giffard, the last of this line so called who resided there. She married, first, John Bury, of Colaton, from whom she obtained a divorce. After that, she became the wife of Sir George Cary, of Cockington, in whose family her lands descended. 'Tis not unlikely that the name which heretofore flourished at Heanton Sachvile, proceeded from the house called Yeo aforementioned. This was anciently the inheritance of Sachvile (de Sicca Villa) so far back as the days of King John; and continued in that name to the reign of King Edward III, when the heiress of Sachvile brought it to her husband, Nicholas Yeo."

BURKE, however, asserts that the family of Yeo continued to flourish at Tre-Yeo, in Launcells, until the time of Edward III,, when Nicholas Yeo married the heiress of Sachville of Heanton Sachville, which place he made his principal residence.

The pedigree of Yeo of Heanton Sachvile commences with the name of William Yeo, whose son, Nicholas Yeo, married Elizabeth, the daughter and heir of Henry Killigrew, of Heanton Sachvile, presumably by whom he acquired that estate. From this marriage descend the various branches of Yeo of Huish, Yeo of Hatherley, Yeo of Shebbear, and Yeo of Bradworthy; the main line of Yeo of Heanton Sachvile running out in the ioth descent, in the person of a female heir, into the family of Rolle.

Out of the six Successive heirs from William Yeo we find no less than five marrying heiresses and co-heiresses of other families, viz. Sachvile, Esse, Pyne, Jewe, and Brightley, whose arms the family of Yeo are entitled to quarter with their own. From Nicholas Yeo, and Elizabeth his wife came John Yeo, who was the father of William Yeo, sheriff of Devon in the year 1359. 'He was witness to a deed of John Holland for land in Sheepwash in the 24th year of the reign of King Edward III, by the name of William at Yeo; as he had been the year before to a deed of Richard Hody to John de Chelsharn, in Torrington." He married Anne, the daughter and heir of John Esse, or Ashe, of Devon, by whom he had a son, Robert Yco of Heanton Sachvile, living 1410, who married Joan, the daughter and heir of William Pyne, of Bradwell, by whom he had issue Robert Yeo, who died in 1399, having married Isabell, the daughter and heir of John Brightley, of Brightley, by whom he had a son, John Yeo, of Heanton Sachvile, son and heir, aged nineteen years and more at the death of lis father, and who married Alice, the daughter and co-heir of William Jewe, of Cotley, by whom he had a son, William Yeo, of Heanton Sachvile, who married Ellen, the daughter of William Grenville, of Stowe. The recorded issue of this marriage is as follows: Helen, married to John Holland; Alice, married to Philip Stafford; and five sons-Robert, Nicholas, Edward, Leonard, and Robert, of whom we shall treat severally.
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[image of stained glass window, with Jewe Arms (vert a griffon rampant ermine, over all a fesse gules]
This stained glass window was placed in St Petrocks Church, Petrockstowe, Devon, around 1450 by Phillipa Bonville, who was the wife of William Grenville, parents of Ellen Grenville who married William Yeo. (see relationship to Prince William) Unfortunately the window was moved some years ago, into the church vestry and when it was moved the panes of glass were placed in the wrong order and some were reversed. In fact the only shields which are correctly shown are the two Yeo ones, all the rest are reversed. However, these two shields are in the wrong order, and have been damaged, losing their chevrons. On the left hand one, if you look carefully you can see the leopard's face that indicates William was the younger son of John Yeo and Alice Jewe.
Prince's Worthies of Devon (1810):
p. 484, Sir John Heale, Serjeant at Law--
…William Frances…parish of Broad-Clist…whose posterity matched into some of the best families of this county, as Jew, Campfield, Winnard, Ashford, Courtenay, etc., which although long since seated at Combe-Flory in Somersetshire, yet this estate continued in this name to this age…
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p. 498--
Hody, Sir John, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of England…
He married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Jew of Whitfield and Beer-hal(* Risdon), in the parish of Axminster, (the antient dwelling of Beer or Bear near the Conquest) by whom he had issue John Hody and Sir William Hody…


[Not a credible source, but a possible origin of Jewe surname]

The name Jew was brought to England in the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Jew family lived in Somerset. The family was originally from the area of Cheux, near Carne, Normandy, and it from a reference to this location that the name derives.


Spelling variations include: Chew, Chewe, Chewning, Chue and others.


First found in Somerset, where the family was seated from very early times. The Jews were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


Berehall, Dorset [today Beerhall Farm]--2 miles SW of Thorncombe, Dorset, 25 miles NW of Weymouth, 12 miles E of Cotleigh, Devon. John Jewe d. 1415 held property here. NEHGR 82:310 says John Hody, Esq. and his brother Arthur Hody, Gentleman, in 1630 conveyed "an estate in the parish of Hawkchurch, Dorset, known as Beerhall Court and 'Holy Feildes' and Beerhall Down and Mansion House, to Mr. Robarte Bowdich." From another NEHGR entry, Robert Bowditch had married Joan Hody, dau. of John Hody and Eleanor Sparkes and gr-grdau. of John Hody and Margery ___..

Brodewyndesore [Broadwindsor], Dorset--12 miles S of Martock, Somerset. Very close to Burstock.


Burgh, Somerset--not found. Mentioned with Chewe, Cote, and Le See.


Burstock, Dorset--12 miles S of Martock.


Chewe--mentioned with other properties near Martock, Somerset; not seen. Chewe placenames are 25 miles N of Martock on and near the River Chew.


Chickerell, Dorset--4 miles NW of Weymouth. John Jewe d. 1415 held property here. West Chickerell is an alternate name not seen on map.

Chiltern Dommer [Chiltern Domer], Somerset--3 miles SE of Martock.


Clatworthy, Somerset--3 miles NW of Wiveliscombe.


Compton Dureville [Compton Durville], Somerset--4 miles SW of Martock


Compton Pauncefote [Compton Pauncefoot, Somerset]--10 miles NE of Martock.

Cotes [Coat], Somerset--1 mile NW of Martock. Also is a Coate Farm, Somerset, 1 mile SW of Wiveliscombe. From other lands cited, more likely means the Coat near Martock.


Dorchester, Dorset--8 miles N of Weymouth.


Fyfehyde [Fivehead(Fifehead), Somerset]--8 miles WNW of Martock.

Haselbury--Haselbury Plucknet, 5 miles SW of Yeovil, Somerset, 25 miles NW of Weymouth, 25 miles SE of Wiveliscombe.


Hinton St. George, Somerset--8 miles S of Martock.


Kingsbury Episcopi, Somerset--35 miles NW of Weymouth, 2 miles NW of Martock.

Langton Hering--Langton Herring, Dorset near Chickerell, 5 miles NW of Weymouth.

Le See, Somerset--not found; mentioned with Chewe, Cote, and Burgh.


Lymbergh--Perhaps East, West, or Mid Lambrook, Somerset, all about 3 miles WSW of Martock.

Martoke [Martock], Somerset--30 miles NW of Weymouth. 5 miles NW of Yeovil.

Pillesdon [Pilsdon], Dorset--25 miles NW of Weymouth.


Putton, Dorset--SW portion of Chickerell, 4 miles NW of Weymouth.

Bonville, Southleigh (excluding Wiscombe)

Southpederton [South Petherton], Somerset--3 miles SW of Martock

Whitfield, Whitfeld [Whitefield], Somerset--1+ mile N of Wiveliscombe. Jews Farm is 1 miles West.

Winterborne Herringstone [Winterborne Herringston], Dorset, 8 miles N of Weymouth, 1 miles S of Dorchester.

Winterborne St. Martin [Martinstown], Dorset--Held by Alfred (liv. 1130) of Lincoln and his descendant Beatrice of Lincoln who m. William Gouvis (The Genealogist 6:166-186), 3 miles W of Dorchester and Winterborne Herringston.


Wiveliscombe, Somerset--25 miles WNW of Martock, 50 miles NW of Weymouth. John Jewe, d. 1415 wanted to be buried here.

COTLEIGH JEWE PLACE NAMES (Looking for connection between Jewe of Somerset and Jewe of Cotleigh, Devon)

Cheseweye--Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh.

Cleave-- Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. Just S of Cotleigh.

Colyton--25 miles E of Exeter, 8 miles S of Cotleigh.


Cotleigh, Devon--just ENE of Honiton, 25 miles NE of Exeter, 8 miles N of Colyton. Held by Wm. Jewe, son of Thomas Jewe and Juliana (___), widow Wotton. Dau. Alice Jewe m. John Yeo.

Cullebeare (Culbeer)-- Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. Offwell parish, just south of Cotleigh.

Heanton Sackville (Satchville)--Home of John Yeo who m. Alice Jewe. 35 miles NW of Cotleigh.

Hollowcombe(Hollacombe) beside Crediton-- Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. West of Cotleigh 20 miles.

Northcote, Devon-- Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. Northcote village is 2 miles W of Cotleigh, is also amanor by this name 35 miles NW of Cotleigh, near Heanton Satchville.

Poltimore, Devon--Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. Poltimore Farm is in Offwell parish, just south of Cotleigh (Poltimore village 15 miles west).

Spelecomb (Spillcomb)--Held by daus. of Wm. Jewe of Cotleigh. Spillcombe Copse just west of Cleave, near Cotleigh.

Steccombe(Stedcombe?), Devon--manor in Axmouth Parish.

Whitwell--25 miles E of Exeter, 1 mile SW of Colyton, 8 miles S of Cotleigh. John Hody had Exchequer lease of manor 1431.


Widworthy, Devon--Just S of Cotleigh.